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Essays

Diluted disarmament in space: Towards a culture for responsible behaviour

Nivedita Raju

Humankind depends on outer space for numerous services, ranging from telecommunications and navigation to disaster management and national security. While the use of space was once associated only with governments, the private sector has become increasingly involved in providing some of these services.

Cultural reconstruction is critical after Islamic State occupation

Shivan Fazil and Dr Dylan O’Driscoll

The scars left by the Islamic State group’s three-and-a-half-year occupation in northern Iraq are deep.

Maritime disputes in the eastern Mediterranean: Why and why now?

Dr Ian Anthony and Ambassador Michael Sahlin

In August 2020, Greek and Turkish frigates collided in the eastern Mediterranean. The Turkish ship had been escorting a Turkish seismic survey vessel, RV MTA Oruç Reis.

A breakdown in cooperation puts us all at risk

Dan Smith

Earlier this year, I took on the task of writing the introductions to two surveys of the contemporary global landscape. One was SIPRI Yearbook 2020, our annual review of armaments, disarmament and international security.

COVID-19: A new wave of European arms industry consolidation?

Dr Lucie Béraud-Sudreau

As coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused the most severe economic crisis since the 1930s, could we witness a new phase of consolidation within the Western and Central European arms industry? This SIPRI Essay gives an early glimpse at where these three factors stand after the ‘great lockdown’. It proposes that the European arms industry may be at the outset of a larger consolidation movement.

Trust and coercion in times of emergency: COVID-19 and structures of authority in North Africa

Amal Bourhrous

The coronavirus disease 2019 crisis can function as a prism through which more fundamental political and societal structures can be better understood.

Climate change, disease and the legitimacy of armed non-state actors

Dr Farah Hegazi

To many, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic came as a surprise. It has placed enormous strain on governments to contain the spread of the disease and address the fallout from the measures that have been implemented.

The resurgence of the Islamic State in Iraq: Political and military responses

Dr Dylan O’Driscoll and Shivan Fazil

The Islamic State (IS) is back, or so the headlines say. The key thing is that IS never left.

Scope for improvement: Linking the Women, Peace and Security Agenda to climate change

Elizabeth Smith

This SIPRI Essay discusses key findings from the Insights on Peace and Security paper ‘Climate Change in Women, Peace and Security Agenda National Action Plans’, which examines how the United Nations Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda national action plans (NAPs) frame climate change, and how may they promote women’s participation in addressing related risks.