The independent resource on global security

Essays

Peace operations in a multipolar world: a surprising consensus

Dr Jaïr van der Lijn and Xenia Avezov

Preliminary results from an ongoing SIPRI research project suggest that consensus remains possible in the future peace operations landscape, even with influence shifting from established to emerging powers.

Returning to a basic level of trust in relations between Russia and the West

Dr Lars-Erik Lundin

While the threat of nuclear war during the cold war era was all too real, in one sense the world is worse off now: even the notion of rebuilding trust on the basis of international commitments is seen as idealistic and unrealistic.

Building peace in Mali: the case for ‘track III’ interventions

Dr Gaudence Nyirabikali

Achieving sustained peace in Mali depends on 'track III' interventions: initiatives carried out by civil society organizations and other non-state actors to support the emergence of a conducive environment for the settling of conflicts.

Nuclear power and the European Energy Security Strategy

Vitaly Fedchenko and Dr Ian Anthony

Momentum is building for a new, common approach to energy within the European Union (EU) that balances the need for competitive pricing against security of supply and the need to reduce carbon emissions.

Lessons from the post-cold war transformation of East Central Europe’s arms industry

Yudit Kiss

Arms production was the backbone of the Soviet-type command economy systems in East Central Europe (ECE), but with the collapse of the Eastern bloc, arms makers faced a drastic disruption in their economic, political and social environment.

Future challenges in the monitoring of international arms transfers

Dr Aude Fleurant

Western governments and defence companies are adapting to the effects of the 2008 economic crisis by devising new strategies to increase international arms sales.

Deciphering China’s latest defence budget figures

Dr Sam Perlo-Freeman

On 4 March the Chinese Government presented its 2014 budget to the National People's Congress (NPC), but it does not accurately represent the total amount spent by China on its military.

The role of safeguards in a nuclear weapon-free zone in the Middle East

Tariq Rauf

Safeguards measures play a vital role in international efforts to monitor technologies related to reprocessing and enrichment of nuclear materials.

Balancing transparency and national security

Pieter D. Wezeman and Siemon T. Wezeman

When governments are less than transparent about their military budgets, this has serious ramifications for democracy and security.

China’s economic engagement with North Korea: towards greater conditionality?

Mathieu Duchâtel and Phillip Schell

China plays a central role in international efforts to curb the North Korean nuclear programme, but chooses a strategy of closer economic and political ties rather than of applying sanctions.