The independent resource on global security

Dual–use and arms trade control

Checking exports from ship and truck in shipyard

Dual-use and arms trade controls are the policies states employ in order to control the international movement of military products and dual-use items, i.e. goods, software and technologies that have the potential to be used for both civilian and military applications.

SIPRI's work on dual-use and arms trade controls seeks to raise the quality of information available on national, multilateral and international export control systems and standards as well as promoting further improvements in all of these areas. This involves producing research and publications, developing tools and concepts, conducting seminars and other awareness-raising activities, and carrying out capacity-building efforts. SIPRI’s research focuses on the development and effective implementation of national, multilateral and international controls and standards in the fields of dual-use and arms export controls as well as related systems of parliamentary scrutiny and public transparency. SIPRI’s capacity-building activities have supported projects aimed at strengthening national export control systems in EU member states and within South East Europe, the Middle East, Africa and South East Asia.


A US Air Force military transport aircraft (Lockheed MC-130P Hercules) in Malta, 2006

SIPRI works to develop and strengthen laws, regulations and standards in arms export controls.

Capacity-building seminar

SIPRI works actively to raise awareness and build capacity in the area of dual-use goods and arms export controls.

Computer hard-drive components

SIPRI focuses on dual-use export controls through developing and stregnthening national laws, regulations and relevant embargoes.

The European Parliament in Brussels, 2015

SIPRI monitors various transparency and reporting instruments in the field of arms export controls.

Arms embargoes

SIPRI monitors and analyses multilateral arms embargoes.

Research staff

Dr Sibylle Bauer is the Director of Studies of the SIPRI Armament and Disarmament Programme.
Mark Bromley is the Director of the SIPRI Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control programme.
Giovanna Maletta is a Researcher in the Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme at SIPRI.
Kolja Brockmann is a Researcher in the SIPRI Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control programme.
Noel Kelly is the Programme Coordinator for SIPRI's work on Armament and Disarmament.