The independent resource on global security



On 13 April, Iran announced its intention to enrich uranium to 60 per cent U-235. This was characterized by Iran as a response to a sabotage of its vast underground enrichment cascades at Natanz two days before.

Iran’s atomic energy agency announced last week that it had produced 55 kilograms of 20 per cent-enriched uranium in barely four months.

A deadly pandemic to control. An urgent nationwide vaccination programme to roll out. An economic crisis to navigate. Political divisions and distrust deep enough to spark mob violence and terrorism. The 46th President of the United States faces a barrage of critical domestic challenges from day one.

This SIPRI Essay was originally published in the print edition of the East African on 28 November and in the online edition on 12 December.

To accompany this commentary piece, SIPRI has also produced a video series (below) with interviews from representatives from East Africa.

Humankind depends on outer space for numerous services, ranging from telecommunications and navigation to disaster management and national security. While the use of space was once associated only with governments, the private sector has become increasingly involved in providing some of these services.

WritePeace blog

Arms transfers, military spending and insurgencies: What we do (and do not) know about Mozambique

Earlier this year, the United States-led ‘war on terror’ gained another African front line. In March, the USA added a Mozambican group known as Ansar al-Sunnah to its list of designated foreign terrorist organizations, giving it the name ‘ISIS-Mozambique’.

Financing peacebuilding ecosystems

Good Peacebuilding Financing was a thematic focus of the 2021 Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development. This commentary is inspired by several Forum sessions including ‘Good Peacebuilding Financing: Doing More, Doing Better‘ ‘ReNEWing the Deal’, ‘Investing in Peace, Investing in Trust: Financing Women Led Organizations’ and ‘How effective is the current peacebuilding financing architecture at building peace?’.

Systems leadership in peacebuilding

David Creelman

Ahead of the 2021 Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development, SIPRI is pleased to share guest blog posts from partner organizations.

Today’s global context—characterized by complexity, polarization and growing inequalities, compounded by the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic—risks undoing decades’ worth of peace and development dividends. We are likely to see more conflicts and higher demands on peace operations in the coming years.

Feeding peace

Ahead of the 2021 Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development, SIPRI is pleased to share a blog from the Food, Security and Peace Programme. Discussions centred around this topic will feature throughout the Stockholm Forum.

Start including children and their rights in the triple nexus!

Eva Molt

Ahead of the 2021 Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development, SIPRI is pleased to share guest blog posts from partner organizations.

Working in silos will never take us anywhere if we want to ensure that children are protected from harm and that they enjoy their full rights amid the challenges of conflict and other crises, whether in the Sahel or elsewhere.

Expert Comments

International condemnation of the humanitarian disaster unfolding in Ethiopia’s northern region is intensifying as the scale of the emergency be

With two new documents, the European Union (EU) has officially recognized the relevance of climate change to peace mediation.

Yesterday Honduras became the 50th state to ratify or accede to the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), meaning that the treaty will enter into force on 22 January 2021.

While details remain scarce, the fighting that has erupted between Armenia and Azerbaijan appears to be more intense than the skirmishes that killed at least a dozen people in the summer of 2020. At the time of writing, roughly 100 people, both civilians and military personnel, have been killed since Sunday, and fighting continues. 

This SIPRI Expert Comment argues for a restart to dialogue on improving regional security and cooperation to the benefit of the Belarusian people and European security more broadly.


The nuclear weapon inventories of the nine-nuclear armed states—the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Israel and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK or North Korea)—are largely shrouded in secrecy: only three of the nine states have ever publicly declared the size of their nuclear stockpiles and in recent years there has been a notable shift towards a lower overall level of nuclear weapon-related transparency.

Ahead of the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers, SIPRI is releasing new data on multilateral peace operations. This topical backgrounder summarizes the key findings from the latest data and some of the most important developments in 2020.

The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh escalated in 2020 into a six-week war in which an estimated

On 23 February the United Nations (UN) Security Council will hold an open session on the topic of climate change and security.

In November 2020, in the midst of the ‘second wave’ of COVID-19 and despite a projected