The independent resource on global security

Dr Nan Tian

Senior Researcher

Dr Nan Tian

Nan Tian

Nan Tian is a Senior Researcher in the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme, where he is responsible for monitoring and managing the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database. His research interests focus on the causes and impact of military expenditure and civil war. His doctoral thesis is titled 'Military Spending, Conflict and Development' and explores the relationship between military spending, civil conflict and economic development. He previously worked at the World-Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) as an economist on climate change and was a lecturer at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Subject expertise

Military expenditure, civil war, economic growth, climate change

Regional expertise


English, Mandarin

PhD in Economics, University of Cape Town, South Africa

South Africa
External publications
  • Tian, N., Lopes da Silva, D. and Kuimova, A., Military Spending and the Achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in UNODA Occasional Papers no. 35, Rethinking Unconstrained Military Spending, pp. 21-37, United Nations, New York (2020)
  • Dunne,  J. P. and Tian, N. (2019). Costs of Civil War and Fragile States in Africa. Review of Development Economics23(3), pp. 1220-1237
  • Dunne, J. P. and Tian, N. (2019), Conflict Determinants in Africa, The Economics of Peace and Security Journal, 14(2), pp. 21-31
  • Brauer, J., Dunne, J. P. and Tian, N. (2019), Towards Demilitarisation? The Military Expenditure-Development Nexus Revisited, in Matthews, R. (Eds.), The Political Economy of Defence, pp. 90-119, Cambridge University Press.
  • Fleurant, A. and Tian, N. (2018), SIPRI's Arms Producing and Military Services Companies Database, The Economics of Peace and Security Journal, 13(2), pp. 5-10.
  • Dunne J. P. and Tian, N. (2017), Conflict and Fragile States in Africa, Working Paper Series N° 274, African Development Bank, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
  • Dunne, J.P. and Tian, N. (2016) Military Expenditure and Economic Growth, 1960-2014, The Economics of Peace a Security Journal, 11(2)
  • Dunne, J.P. and Tian, N. (2015) Military Expenditure and Economic Growth: A Panel Analysis 1988-2010, Defence and Peace Economics, 26(1) 15-31
  • Dunne, J.P. and Tian, N. (2015) Conflict, Economic Growth and Spillover Effects in Africa. Working Paper 561, Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA)
  • Dunne, J.P. and Tian, N. (2014) Conflict Spillovers and Growth in Africa, Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, 20(4) 539-549
  • Bhorat, H. and Tian, N. (2014) Growth, Employment and Skills: The New Growth Path Revisited, LMIP 3 Report
  • Bhorat, H., Tian, N. and Ellyne, M. (2014) The Real Exchange Rate and Sectoral Employment in South Africa, DPRU Working Paper and Forthcoming in Africa Growth Initiative Working Paper Series, Brookings
  • Dunne, J.P. and Tian, N. (2013) Military Spending and Economic Growth: A Survey, Economics of Peace and Security, 8(1) 5-11