The independent resource on global security

Climate change and security

Flooding in Bangkok, September 2011
Flooding along Ratchayothin Junction in Bangkok, September 2011. Photo: Wutthichai / Shutterstock

This project has three interrelated aims: (a) to deepen knowledge about how and under what circumstances climate change increases security risks, including violent conflict; (b) to analyse how policy organizations and practitioners respond to those risks; and (c) to provide suggestions for how policy organizations can strengthen efficient and sustainable responses to those risks.

The report 'Climate-related security risks: Towards an Integrated Approach', which was published in October 2016, summarizes the findings from the project's first year. It contains an overview of thematic climate-related security risks, such as food and water security, climate-induced migration and violent conflict, and two case studies on policy responses. The report was published in collaboration between SIPRI, Stockholm University and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs. In 2017 and 2018 the project continues to build knowledge and promote policy responses to climate-related security risks. The sub-projects focus on:

  • How climate-related security risks are integrated in the United Nations and in regional organisations in Europe, Asia and Africa, identifying strengths and weaknesses in their institutional responses;
  • The intersection between climate change, gender and violence, and how a gender-based approach can be utilized to better understand and cope with climate change risks, impacts and responses;
  • Improving the knowledge about under what circumstances climate change influences violent conflicts and how climate action is able to reduce climate-conflict fragility risks and support sustaining peace.

This project is funded by the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs and started in autumn 2015.

Research staff

Dr Malin Mobjörk is the Director of the Climate Change and Risk Pogramme.
Jiayi Zhou is a Researcher in the Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Dr Florian Krampe is a Researcher in the Climate Change and Risk Programme.