The independent resource on global security

Climate change and security

Flooding in Bangkok, September 2011
Flooding along Ratchayothin Junction in Bangkok, September 2011. Photo: Wutthichai / Shutterstock

This project has three interrelated aims: (a) to deepen knowledge about how and under what circumstances climate change increases security risks, including violent conflict; (b) to analyse how policy organizations and practitioners respond to those risks; and (c) to provide suggestions for how policy organizations can strengthen efficient and sustainable responses to those risks. 

The October 2016 report Climate-related security risks: Towards an Integrated Approach, summarizes the findings from the project’s first year. It contains an overview of thematic climate-related security risks, such as food and water security, climate-induced migration and violent conflict, and two case studies on policy responses. The report was published by SIPRI in collaboration with Stockholm University and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI). In 2017–18 the project continues to build knowledge and promote policy responses to climate-related security risks. The sub-projects focus on:

  • Improving knowledge about under what circumstances climate change influences violent conflicts and, how climate action is able to reduce climate-conflict fragility risks and support sustaining peace; 
  • Analysing how climate-related security risks are framed and integrated in the United Nations and in regional organisations in Europe, Asia and Africa, and identify strengths and weaknesses in their institutional responses; 
  • Exploring the intersection between climate change, gender and violence, and how a gender-based approach can be utilized to better understand and manage climate change risks, impacts and responses. 

This project is funded by the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs and started in 2015. It is carried out in cooperation with Dr Niklas Bremberg at UI, and Camilla Born, E3G.

Research staff

Dr Malin Mobjörk is the Director of the Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Dr Florian Krampe is a Senior Researcher in the Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Dr Elise Remling is a Researcher in SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Elizabeth Smith is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Climate Change and Risk Programme.
Karolina Eklöw is the Coordinator of the Environment of Peace initiative at SIPRI.
Vane Moraa Aminga is a Research Assistant in the Climate Change and Risk Programme.