- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict and peace
- Peace and development
Dual-use items are goods and technologies that may be used for both civilian and military purposes. Dual-use export controls cover a wide range of products and technologies and affect not only manufacturers but also transport providers, academics and academic institutions. Their key contribution to international security has been helping to prevent supplies of goods and technologies that may contribute to illegal weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programmes. However, in recent years there has been an increased focus on the role they can play in other areas, including preventing human rights abuses.
SIPRI’s work on dual-use export controls focuses on efforts at the national, regional and international level to develop and strengthen relevant laws, regulations and standards, as well as broader efforts to combat illicit trafficking, particularly of WMD-relevant material. This encompasses the development and implementation of national laws and regulations, UN and EU arms embargoes, the EU Dual-Use Regulation, the Wassenaar Arrangement, the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), and UN Security Council Resolution 1540.