- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict and peace
- Peace and development
On 24 February the UN Security Council will debate the issue of organized crime as a threat to international peace. The issue has also been hot in the G8 and regional organizations like the OSCE and ECOWAS. It is also getting a lot of attention in the media.
On 15 September 2009 US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stated that Venezuela’s recent arms acquisitions outpaced those of any other country in South America and raised questions about whether an arms race was looming in the region.
Although there have been some hopeful signs, overall the world continues to face continuing and growing challenges to security, stability and peace. Contradictions seem to abound.
In 2005 it seemed impossible that within four years there would be real, substantive discussions in the framework of the 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) on nuclear issues, including nuclear disarmament; that the UN Security Council would hold a special meeting to discuss nuclear non-prolifera
Incredible as it may seem, traffickers in commodities that help fuel some of the world’s nastiest conflicts—transporting such things as arms, ‘blood diamonds’ and cocaine—also continue to profit from humanitarian aid and UN peacekeeping contracts.
A renewed atmosphere of friendship and willingness to cooperate is apparent in relations between Europe and the United States. US Vice-President Joe Biden, in his speech at the 2009 Munich Security Conference, set out the USA’s position: ‘We will engage. We will listen. We will consult.
For a country that has officially renounced armed force as a means of settling international disputes, Japan’s defence and security policy agenda is looking full.