- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict, peace and security
- Peace and development
A key aspect of the work of the military expenditure project is to study issues relating to transparency and accountability in military budgeting and expenditure.
At the national level, transparency includes transparency of information and process. Transparency of information on military spending refers to whether information on the military budget is readily available to the public, and the level of reliability, detail and comprehensiveness of this information. Transparency of process refers to whether budgetary decision making is open and visible, with the reasons for spending clearly outlined. Transparency contributes to good governance, adequate management of military expenditure and government accountability.
At the international level, transparency in military expenditure is part of the international exchange of information on how states translate their declared national security requirements into military postures, to create mutual understanding and trust, reduce misperceptions and thus reduce the risk of armed conflict. As such, it is an important confidence-building mechanism.