The independent resource on global security

Gender, marginalization and insecurity

A women's health group at the Jamam refugee camp in South Sudan, 2012
A women's health group at the Jamam refugee camp in South Sudan, 2012. Photo: John Ferguson/Oxfam

Exclusion by ethnicity, gender, geography or other identity can be a source of grievance, a driver of conflict and an underlying structural obstacle to progress. Where exclusion is structural or systemic, it can be difficult to identify and reverse, as the very actors that create or perpetuate exclusion often have incentives to ignore it. Societies with a legacy of exclusion often find social cohesion lacking and distrust horizontally (between groups in the society) and vertically (between state and society). 

SIPRI’s research on gender, marginalization and insecurity uses a variety of lensesgender, ethnic identity and geographyto better understand how exclusion leads to conflict, grievance and lagging development outcomes. Research is designed to advance understanding of how inclusion can contribute to peace and development.


Infographic showing women's low participation in peace processes

As part of a larger effort to evaluate the implementation of the United Nations Women, Peace and Security Resolution 1325, SIPRI is assessing the impact of women’s participation in political processes.

Research staff

Yeonju Jung is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Peace and Development Programme.
Gulzhan Asylbek kyzy is a Research Assistant in the Peace and Development Programme.