- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict and peace
- Peace and development
Despite growing work on the ecoomics of conflict, the impact on firms is still unknown, even whether conflict favours or hinders firms.
Once a conflict is over and humanitarian aid leaves, how are people fed, livelihoods secure and market access improved?
The recent additional sanctions against North Korea and Iran are unlikley to change these regimes' policies and could hav enegative effects if they hurt citizens rather than the powerful elite.
Piracy is a response to the incentives provided to pirates and ridding piracy will require creating incentives to disengage from piracy activities.
The deployment of UN peacekeepers in South Sudan is associated with higher cereal production between 2008–11, suggesting peacekeeping missions can help to secure food security.