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Financing for peacebuilding and comparative Official Development Assistance

Girls in a school in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Girls in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan receive free textbooks and monthly stipends to help them stay in school, 2011. Photo: Vicki Francis/Department for International Development

Aid, known as Official Development Assistance (ODA), to countries affected by violence and fragility has increased over the last 15 years, as donors have scaled up their engagement with these unique development challenges. Still, development has lagged in these countries and remains a global challenge. By 2030 most of the world’s poverty will be concentrated in countries affected by conflict or persistent instability.

In response to the growing attention to situations of conflict and fragility, this project examines the trends in development, aid and strategies, in fragile and conflict-affected countries, over the past 15 years and with a forward-looking perspective to the new development era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from 2015 to 2030. In addition to broad trend analysis on aid, the project examines the strategic engagement of donors with fragile aid recipients, which has evolved from the Paris Principles, to Busan and the New Deal, and, most recently, the Stockholm Declaration.

One component of this project is a comparative study of Swedish and South Korean ODA policies and strategies in situations of conflict and fragility. South Korea, as an emerging donor from being a war-devastated, poor country, and heavily dependent on ODA, does not have specific policies or strategies for fragile and conflict-affected countries. Meanwhile, Sweden, as one of the leading countries active in conflict-affected fragile states, has identified the area of security and development as a priority theme and has gradually paid more attention to situations of conflict and fragility in the past decades. By sharing different experiences in development cooperation, this project aims to draw policy implications for South Korea’s ODA strategies towards fragile states and inform policy for other donors, emerging and established, alike.

Research staff

Dr Gary Milante is the Director of the Peace and Development Programme.
Suyoun Jang is a Researcher in the Peace and Development programme, currently seconded to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).