The independent resource on global security

Russia and Eurasia

Map of Russia and Eurasia

The Eurasian landmass has become a key region at the intersection of shifting regional security interests between Russia and the other post-Soviet states, Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Protracted conflicts continue to harm peace and security, while new armed conflicts have appeared undermining regional stability.

Russia has re-emerged as the central actor in Eurasia, with an agenda of integration and the ambition to establish Eurasia as a distinct political and security space. At the same time, a variety of other leading international actors are increasingly engaged with security issues in the region and seeking to deepen relations with the countries of Eurasia, including the United States, the European Union, China, Turkey, and Iran.

SIPRI aims to analyse the complex security and conflict dynamics of the region with a particular focus on Russia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and the Arctic in order to identify the principal trends concerning:

  • Protracted and armed conflicts
  • Militarization and defence spending
  • Regional and international security organizations
  • Russia as a regional and international security actor
  • Competition and cooperation between Eurasia, Asia, European and Middle Eastern security actors
  • Efforts to promote cooperation, security and peacebuilding in the region


The Russian nuclear-powered icebreaker '50 years of victory' in the Arctic Ocean.

The Arctic Futures initiative studies the security and international politics of the Arctic.

Black Sea

Nuclear security and peaceful solutions are at the centre of SIPRI research and dialogue initiatives in the Black Sea region. 

Caucasus mountains with traditional stone towers in Svaneti, Georgia.

SIPRI maps the main conflict and security trends in the Caucasus and identifies ways to advance peacebuilding in the region.

Research staff

Dr Neil John Melvin is Director of SIPRI's Russia and Euro-Eurasian Security Programme.
Ekaterina Klimenko is a Researcher in the Russia and Euro-Eurasian Security Programme and the Coordinator for Conflict and Peace at SIPRI.