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Appendix 12A. Multilateral arms embargoes, 2009

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Appendix 12A gives details of all multilateral arms embargoes in force during 2009 and describes developments UN, EU and ECOWAS arms embargoes.

Summary

There were 29 mandatory multilateral
arms embargoes in force in 2009, directed
at a total of 17 targets, including
governments, non-governmental forces
and a transnational network. The United
Nations imposed 12 of these embargoes,
the European Union (EU) imposed 16 and
the Economic Community of West African
States (ECOWAS) imposed 1.

During 2009 the UN Security Council
imposed its first new arms embargo since
2006, on Eritrea. The UN widened the
arms embargo on the Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea (DPRK, or North Korea)
and lifted the arms embargo on the
Government of Liberia.

Nine of the 16 EU embargoes were
straightforward implementations of UN
arms embargoes. In addition, two EU arms
embargoes differed from UN embargoes in
their scope or coverage and five did not
have UN counterparts. In 2009 the EU
imposed a new arms embargo on Guinea
and lifted its arms embargo on Uzbekistan.
ECOWAS imposed a new arms embargo on
Guinea.

As in previous years in 2009 several violations of UN arms embargoes were recorded. For example, cargo inspections led to the uncovering of violations of the UN embargoes on arms exports from Iran and North Korea.

Multilateral arms embargoes in force during 2009

United Nations arms embargoes

Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and associated individuals and entities
Côte d’Ivoire
Eritrea
Democratic Republic of the Congo (NGF)
Iran (technology related to nuclear weapon delivery systems)
Iraq (NGF)
North Korea
Lebanon (NGF)
Liberia (NGF)
Sierra Leone (NGF)
Somalia
Sudan (Darfur)

European Union arms embargoes

Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and associated individuals and entities
China
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Côte d’Ivoire
Guinea
Iran
Iraq (NGF)
North Korea
Lebanon (NGF)
Liberia
Myanmar
Sierra Leone (NGF)
Somalia
Sudan
Uzbekistan
Zimbabwe

ECOWAS arms embargoes

Guinea

 

NGF = non-governmental forces.

 

Pieter D. Wezeman (Netherlands) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme.
H

Noel Kelly (Ireland) has been a Research Assistant
with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production and Arms
Transfers programmes since January 2008.

 

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