- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict and peace
- Peace and development
In 2008, as in 2007, 60 multilateral peace operations were conducted. A record 187 586 personnel were deployed, an 11 per cent increase over 2007. Of these, 166 146 were military and 21 440 civilian, including police.
The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan continued to be the largest peace operation, with 51 356 troops, an increase of around 9600 over the 2007 figure. MONUC in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and UNAMID in Darfur, Sudan, were the second and third largest missions.
|Middle East||10||16 651|
As of the end of December 2008, a total of 137 countries contributed uniformed personnel (i.e. troops, military observers and civilian police) to peace operations. Of those countries, 115 contributed military personnel, with the top 10 contributors, in descending order, being the USA, France, Pakistan, the UK, Bangladesh, India, Italy, Germany, Nigeria and Rwanda. The top Asian and African contributors sent their military personnel exclusively to UN operations (including UNAMID).
|United Nations||23*||98 614|
|African Union||2||3 560|
|European Union||12||7 932|
|Ad hoc coalitions||6||5 148|
* Including UNAMID
The annual total of active peace operations has risen steadily since 2002. Total personnel deployments have also increased, from a low of 110 789 in 2003.
Bar graph/left axis: number of operations; line graph/right axis:
Kirsten Soder (Germany) is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme.