The independent resource on global security

Appendix 3A. Multilateral peace operations, 2008

Contents

Summary

In 2008, as in 2007, 60 multilateral peace operations were conducted. A record 187 586 personnel were deployed, an 11 per cent increase over 2007. Of these, 166 146 were military and 21 440 civilian, including police.

The International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan continued to be the largest peace operation, with 51 356 troops, an increase of around 9600 over the 2007 figure. MONUC in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and UNAMID in Darfur, Sudan, were the second and third largest missions.

Peace operations, by region, 2008
No. of
operations
Total personnel
deployed
Africa 19 78 975
Americas 2 9 621
Asia 10 55 542
Europe 19 26 797
Middle East   10 16 651
Total 60 187 586

As of the end of December 2008, a total of 137 countries contributed uniformed personnel (i.e. troops, military observers and civilian police) to peace operations. Of those countries, 115 contributed military personnel, with the top 10 contributors, in descending order, being the USA, France, Pakistan, the UK, Bangladesh, India, Italy, Germany, Nigeria and Rwanda. The top Asian and African contributors sent their military personnel exclusively to UN operations (including UNAMID).

Peace operations, by conducting organization, 2008
No. of
operations
No. of
deployed
personnel
United Nations 23* 98 614
African Union 3 560
CEEAC 504
CIS 5 349
European Union 12  7 932
NATO 65 978
OAS 40
OSCE 461
Ad hoc coalitions 5 148
Total 60 187 586

* Including UNAMID

The annual total of active peace operations has risen steadily since 2002. Total personnel deployments have also increased, from a low of 110 789 in 2003.

 Peace operations and personnel deployed, 1999–2008

Chapter 3, appendix 3A, figure 1
 Bar graph/left axis: number of operations; line graph/right axis:
 personnel deployed.

Kirsten Soder (Germany) is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme.

English