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How Does Climate Change Affect Peace and Security?

NUPI–SIPRI comic book
Publisher: SIPRI
SIPRI, Stockholm:
January, 2024

Climate change is fundamentally changing human security, ecological security and even international security. There is growing evidence of its impacts on peace and conflict, which is reflected in discussions in the United Nations Security Council. In a series of fact sheets, SIPRI and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs' (NUPI) Climate-related Peace and Security Risks project has analysed the links between climate, peace and security in countries and regions on the UN Security Council’s agenda. In addition to illustrating the fact sheets’ findings on four interrelated pathways in the relationship between climate change, peace and security, the comic shares lessons learned on how the UN Security Council shapes policies for addressing the complex challenges arising from climate change.


Cedric de Coning is a Research Professor in the Research Group on Peace, Conflict and Development at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). He co-directs the NUPI Center on United Nations and Global Governance, and the Climate, Peace and Security Risk project.
Kheira Tarif is a Researcher in the SIPRI Climate Change and Risk Programme.