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Supporting Small Arms and Light Weapons Controls through Development Assistance: The Case of sub-Saharan Africa

Supporting Small Arms and Light Weapons Controls through Development Assistance: The Case of sub-Saharan Africa
Publisher: SIPRI
February, 2021

The proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) has had a negative impact on conflict, security and development. In order to help states to address the multifaceted challenges posed by the proliferation of these weapons, some states as well as regional and international organizations have established a series of funding instruments and assistance programmes that support or provide SALW control-related assistance. In view of the recognized linkages between SALW proliferation, security and development, official development assistance (ODA) has progressively become an eligible source of funding in this field. However, there remains limited clarity on which assistance activities have been supported through development spending. A comprehensive assessment of the use of ODA to support SALW control-related assistance could help donors, policymakers and interested stakeholders to understand how assistance policies have adjusted to the recognition of the link between conventional arms control and sustainable development made in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Focusing on SALW control-related assistance provided in sub-Saharan Africa as a case study and comparing information included in separate data sets compiled by SIPRI and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, this report attempts to provide information on which relevant activities have been supported through ODA in this region. It shows that only a limited number of donors have used ODA to support SALW control-related assistance and that they have different practices in the way they report on the use of these funds. It also outlines the challenges that make mapping this assistance a particularly difficult exercise.

Contents

1. Introduction

2. The cross-cutting nature of SALW controls

3. What is SALW control-related assistance?

4. The use of official development assistance to support SALW controls in sub-Saharan Africa

5. Conclusions

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Lucile Robin is a Research Assistant in SIPRI’s Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme.
Giovanna Maletta is a Researcher in the Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme at SIPRI.