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Challenges and good practices in the implementation of the EU’s arms and dual-use export controls: A cross-sector analysis

This concept paper maps the key challenges faced by many of the sectors and actors most affected by the EU’s dual-use and arms export controls, and the steps that have been taken—and could be taken—to help those affected to set up and run an effective Internal Compliance Programme (ICP). The paper builds on past research by SIPRI in this area as well as information collected from export compliance officers, experts affiliated with industry associations and representatives of European licensing authorities, working in 14 EU member states and one non-EU European state. A draft version of the paper was discussed at a two-day workshop at SIPRI in May 2017.

Funding for the concept paper was provided by the US Department of State’s Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Program.



1. Introduction

2. Mapping the sectors and actors affected by dual-use and 5 arms export controls

3. Sector and actor specific compliance-related challenges

4. Cross-sector and actor compliance-related challenges

5. Conclusions



Dr Sibylle Bauer is the Director of Studies, Armament and Disarmament, at SIPRI.
Kolja Brockmann is a Senior Researcher in the SIPRI Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control programme.
Dr Mark Bromley is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme.
Giovanna Maletta is a Senior Researcher and Acting Programme Director for the Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme at SIPRI.