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Military spending and arms imports by Iran, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the UAE

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Publisher: SIPRI
May, 2019

Tense relations between Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are a major cause for concern regarding stability, security and peace in the Gulf region and in the Middle East more generally. These states seek to play a major role in the Middle East and use arms as a key tool in the pursuit of this aim.

To illustrate the importance given to military capability in these four states, this fact sheet provides a concise overview of trends and patterns of military expenditure and of arms imports—the main source of modern major arms for these states—in the period 1994–2018.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Alexandra Kuimova is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Arms Transfers and Military Expenditure Programme.
Pieter D. Wezeman is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers and Military Expenditure Programme.