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Appendix 11A. Multilateral arms embargoes, 2010

Contents

Appendix 11A gives details of all multilateral arms embargoes in force during 2010 and describes developments UN, EU and ECOWAS arms embargoes.

Summary

There were 29 mandatory multilateral arms embargoes in force in 2010, directed at a total of 16 targets, including governments, non-governmental forces and a transnational network. The United Nations imposed 12 of these embargoes, the European Union (EU) imposed 16 and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) imposed 1.

The UN Security Council imposed no new arms embargo in 2010, but it did widen its arms embargo on Iran. One UN arms embargo, on Sierra Leone, was lifted.

Ten of the 16 EU embargoes were straightforward implementations of UN arms embargoes. In addition, two EU arms embargoes differed from UN embargoes in their scope or coverage and four did not have UN counterparts. During 2010, the EU imposed one new embargo, implementing the UN embargo on Eritrea imposed in December 2009, and lifted its embargo on Sierra Leone, which had been an implementation of a UN embargo. ECOWAS’s single embargo was the only other embargo imposed by a multilateral organization during 2010.

Significant violations of the UN embargoes on Côte d’Ivoire, Iran, North Korea and Somalia were reported in 2010.

Multilateral arms embargoes in force during 2010
United Nations arms embargoes 
Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and associated individuals and entities
Côte d’Ivoire
  Democratic Republic of the Congo (NGF)
Eritrea
  Iran
  Iraq (NGF)
  North Korea
  Lebanon (NGF)
  Liberia (NGF)
  Sierra Leone (NGF)
  Somalia
  Sudan (Darfur)
European Union arms embargoes 
Al-Qaeda, the Taliban and associated individuals and entities*
  China
  Democratic Republic of the Congo (NGF)*
  Côte d’Ivoire*
Eritrea*
  Guinea
  Iran
  Iraq (NGF)*
  North Korea*
  Lebanon (NGF)*
  Liberia (NGF)*
  Myanmar
  Sierra Leone (NGF)*
  Somalia (NGF)*
  Sudan
  Zimbabwe
ECOWAS arms embargoes Guinea

NGF = non-governmental forces.
* = These 10 EU embargoes are implementations of UN embargoes. The other EU embargoes either differ from equivalent UN embargoes or have no UN counterpart.

 

 

Pieter D. Wezeman (Netherlands) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme.

Noel Kelly (Ireland) is a Research Assistant
with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production and Arms
Transfers programmes.

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