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Appendix 6C. Transparency in arms transfers


Appendix 6C describes the current status of existing mechanisms for
international transparency in arms transfers.


Official and publicly accessible data on arms transfers is important for assessing states’ arms export and procurement policies. However, publishing data on arms sales and acquisitions is a sensitive issue for nearly all states.

The United Nations Register of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) is the key international mechanism of official transparency on arms transfers. The recent downward trend in states’ participation in UNROCA continued during 2010. Only 72 states submitted reports on their arms transfers during 2009, including 43 submissions of information on transfers of small arms and light weapons (SALW).

Since the early 1990s an increasing number of governments have published national reports on arms exports. As of January 2011, 34 states had published at least one national report on arms exports since 1990, and 30 have done so since 2008.

Reports to UNROCA, 2000–2009

Yearbook 2011, appendix 6C, figure 1



Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is a Researcher with the SIPRI
Arms Transfers Programme

Dr Paul Holtom (United Kingdom) is the Director of the SIPRI
Arms Transfers Programme