- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict and peace
- Peace and development
Appendix 7C describes the current status of existing mechanisms for
international transparency in arms transfers.
Official and publicly accessible data on arms transfers is important
for assessing states’ arms export and arms procurement policies.
However, publishing data on arms sales and acquisitions is a sensitive
issue for nearly all states.
The United Nations Register of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) is the
key international mechanism of official transparency on arms transfers.
The recent downward trend in states’ participation in UNROCA continued
during 2009. As of 31 December 2009, only 79 states had submitted
reports on their arms transfers during 2008.
Since the early 1990s an increasing number of governments have
published national reports on arms exports. As of January 2010, 32
states had published at least one national report on arms exports since
1990, and 28 have done so since 2006.
Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is a Researcher with the SIPRI
Arms Transfers Programme,
where his work focuses on European arms exports and export controls and
South American arms acquisitions.
Dr Paul Holtom (United Kingdom) is the Director of the SIPRI
Arms Transfers Programme.