- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict, peace and security
- Peace and development
1999 marked the end of the UN’s retrenchment with significant
expansion of the number and scope of United Nations peace operations.
The international community’s limitations in conflict resolution
and peace-building were, however, demonstrated in the Democratic
Republic of Congo, East Timor, Kosovo and Sierra Leone.
The financial and technical demands of reconstruction have prompted
new coalitions between the UN, regional organizations and international
financial institutions, but these are falling far short of meeting
the needs of devastated societies.
An even more difficult challenge is securing the commitment of
all parties to peace. Economic and political incentives for the
continuation of conflict, particularly in Africa, have become
Appendix 2A. Multilateral peace operations, 1999
RENATA DWAN, THOMAS PAPWORTH, MARTA REUTER AND HENRY WATHEN
Appendix 2A presents data on the
multilateral observer, peacekeeping, peace-building, and combined
peacekeeping and peace-enforcement missions in 1999.