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Advancing the Role of the European Union in Promoting Global Cyber Stability

Advancing EU cyber_cover
Publisher: SIPRI
SIPRI, Stockholm:
December, 2023

While the European Union (EU) as a collective entity has not endorsed an offensive cyber posture, several of its member states have adopted both defensive and offensive activities and capabilities in cyberspace. In doing so, these member states mirror trends in China, Russia and the United States, which seem to possess increasingly similar strategies for balancing defensive and offensive cyber operations. Given this context, EU policy will need to navigate the potential involvement of its member states in offensive operations while continuing to advocate for a defence-centric strategy that emphasizes cyber resilience. This SIPRI Research Policy Paper builds on a year and a half of SIPRI research, workshops and publications that explore ways forward for the EU to strengthen its own cybersecurity while contributing to global cyber stability. 


I. Cybersecurity trends and challenges

II. Recommendations

III. Conclusions


Fei Su is a Researcher in the SIPRI China and Asia Security Programme.
Larisa Saveleva Dovgal is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Weapons of Mass Destruction Programme
Dr Lora Saalman is a Senior Researcher within SIPRI’s Armament and Disarmament and Conflict, Peace and Security research areas.