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Peace Operations and the Challenges of Environmental Degradation and Resource Scarcity

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Oli Brown
Publisher: SIPRI
December, 2021

The third phase of the New Geopolitics of Peace Operations (NGP) initiative seeks to enhance understanding of how peace operations interact with non-traditional security challenges such as terrorism and violent extremism, irregular migration, piracy, organized crime and environmental degradation and resource scarcity. It aims to identify the various perceptions, positions and interests of the relevant stakeholders. By engaging key stakeholders and mapping the policy space for the potential role of peace operations in addressing non-traditional security challenges, it also aims to stimulate open dialogue, cooperation and mutual understanding.

Four dialogue meetings organized by SIPRI and the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) will focus on different non-traditional security challenges. Each will be preceded by a background paper that establishes a baseline for the meeting, giving an overview of the main developments and discussions regarding peace operations and the specific challenge to be discussed. The initiative will conclude with a final report based on the outcomes of these meetings. This will advance the discussion on peace operations and non-traditional security challenges.

This phase of the NGP initiative is supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, co-sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia, and conducted in continued partnership with the FES.

Contents

I. Introduction

II. Peace operations, environmental degradation and natural resource scarcity

III. Examples of peace operations that have addressed environmental degradation and resource scarcity

IV. Opportunities and challenges

V. Cooperation and coordination

VI. Conclusions

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Oli Brown (United Kingdom) is an Associate Fellow with the Environment and Society Programme at Chatham House. He is also an Associate Fellow with the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, a senior adviser for TrustWorks Global and a trustee of the Conflict and Environment Observatory.