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Climate Change in Women, Peace and Security National Action Plans

Publisher: SIPRI
June, 2020

Climate change can increase the risks of violent conflict, create risks to human security, and challenge conflict recovery and peacebuilding in different contexts. In many parts of the world, women and girls are significantly affected by the respective and compounding effects of climate change and conflict. They can also be agents of change in addressing climate change, and peace and security issues.

This SIPRI Insights paper explores how the women, peace and security (WPS) national action plans (NAPs) of 80 states frame and respond to climate change and security. It finds that they do so in different ways. Seventeen states include direct mention of climate change in at least one of their plans. Of these, three states include comparatively higher numbers of specific goals and activities referencing climate change in different plans.

The paper highlights a need for increased action in the area of climate change in WPS NAPs. It argues for a greater focus on supporting women and girls’ participation in action addressing climate-related security risks, as well as a need to evaluate how climate change is framed as a security risk in the plans.


I.    Introduction

II.    Climate security language and the Women, Peace and Security Agenda

III.    Methodology

IV.    Initial analysis of Women, Peace and Security nation action plans and climate change   

V.    In-depth analysis: Finland, Ireland and the United States

VI.    Discussion and ways forward


Elizabeth Smith was a Research Assistant with SIPRI’s Climate Change and Risk Programme.