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The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Strategic Stability and Nuclear Risk, Volume III, South Asian Perspectives

This edited volume is the third in a series of three. The series forms part of a SIPRI project that explores regional perspectives and trends related to the impact that recent advances in artificial intelligence could have on nuclear weapons and doctrines, as well as on strategic stability and nuclear risk. This volume assembles the perspectives of eight experts on South Asia on why and how machine learning and autonomy may become the focus of an arms race among nuclear-armed states. It further explores how the adoption of these technologies may have an impact on their calculation of strategic stability and nuclear risk at the regional and transregional levels.



1. Introduction    

Part I. The impact of artificial intelligence on nuclear weapons and warfare   

2. The extensive role of artificial intelligence in military transformation

3. Rationales for introducing artificial intelligence into India’s military modernization programme  

4. Artificial intelligence advances in Russian strategic weapons   

5. The Indian perspective on the massive damage potential of  advanced military technologies   

Part II. The impact of military artificial intelligence on strategic stability in South Asia    

6. Artificial intelligence and strategic stability in South Asia:  New horses for an old wagon?   

7. Military applications of artificial intelligence in Pakistan and  the impact on strategic stability in South Asia   

Part III. Arms control and confidence-building measures in the  area of artificial intelligence and nuclear weapons    

8. A pre-emptive ban on lethal autonomous weapon systems

9. Autonomous weapons in the South Asian context: Risks and countermeasures   


10. The opportunities and risks of artificial intelligence for strategic  stability in South Asia   


Dr Petr Topychkanov is an Associate Senior Researcher in the SIPRI Weapons of Mass Destruction Programme.
Sanatan Kulshrestha was a rear admiral of the Indian Navy until his retirement in 2011.
Yanitra Kumaraguru lectures at the Faculty of Law of the University of Colombo.
Malinda Meegoda is a research associate at the Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute in Colombo.
Kritika Roy is a research analyst at the Cybersecurity Centre of Excellence at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) in New Delhi.
Saima Aman Sial is a senior research officer at the Center for International Strategic Studies (CISS) in Islamabad.
Dmitry Stefanovich is a research fellow at the Center for International Security at the Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Maaike Verbruggen is a doctoral researcher at the Institute for European Studies at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Her research focuses on the intersection between emerging technologies, military innovation and arms control. She is currently working on a PhD thesis on military innovation in artificial intelligence.