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The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Strategic Stability and Nuclear Risk, Volume III, South Asian Perspectives

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Strategic Stability and Nuclear Risk vol III cover
Dr Petr Topychkanov, Sanatan Kulshrestha, Yanitra Kumaraguru, Malinda Meegoda, Kritika Roy, Saima Aman Sial, Dmitry Stefanovich and Maaike Verbruggen
Publisher: SIPRI
April, 2020

This edited volume is the third in a series of three. The series forms part of a SIPRI project that explores regional perspectives and trends related to the impact that recent advances in artificial intelligence could have on nuclear weapons and doctrines, as well as on strategic stability and nuclear risk. This volume assembles the perspectives of eight experts on South Asia on why and how machine learning and autonomy may become the focus of an arms race among nuclear-armed states. It further explores how the adoption of these technologies may have an impact on their calculation of strategic stability and nuclear risk at the regional and transregional levels.

Contents

Introduction

1. Introduction    

Part I. The impact of artificial intelligence on nuclear weapons and warfare   

2. The extensive role of artificial intelligence in military transformation

3. Rationales for introducing artificial intelligence into India’s military modernization programme  

4. Artificial intelligence advances in Russian strategic weapons   

5. The Indian perspective on the massive damage potential of  advanced military technologies   

Part II. The impact of military artificial intelligence on strategic stability in South Asia    

6. Artificial intelligence and strategic stability in South Asia:  New horses for an old wagon?   

7. Military applications of artificial intelligence in Pakistan and  the impact on strategic stability in South Asia   

Part III. Arms control and confidence-building measures in the  area of artificial intelligence and nuclear weapons    

8. A pre-emptive ban on lethal autonomous weapon systems

9. Autonomous weapons in the South Asian context: Risks and countermeasures   

Conclusions

10. The opportunities and risks of artificial intelligence for strategic  stability in South Asia   

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Dr Petr Topychkanov is a Senior Researcher in the SIPRI Nuclear Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme.
Sanatan Kulshrestha was a rear admiral of the Indian Navy until his retirement in 2011.
Yanitra Kumaraguru lectures at the Faculty of Law of the University of Colombo.
Malinda Meegoda is a research associate at the Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute in Colombo.
Kritika Roy is a research analyst at the Cybersecurity Centre of Excellence at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) in New Delhi.
Saima Aman Sial is a senior research officer at the Center for International Strategic Studies (CISS) in Islamabad.
Dmitry Stefanovich is a research fellow at the Center for International Security at the Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Maaike Verbruggen is a doctoral researcher at the Institute for European Studies of Vrije Universiteit Brussel, where she is investigating the drivers of and obstacles to military innovation in AI.