The independent resource on global security

Bulgaria and Black Sea security

bp_1812_black_sea_bulgaria
Publisher: SIPRI
December, 2018

The Black Sea region is experiencing a changing military balance. The six littoral states (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine) intensified their efforts to build up their military potential after Russia’s takeover of Crimea and the start of the internationalized civil war in eastern Ukraine in 2014.

As a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Bulgaria aims to support NATO’s security objectives of increasing military spending, enhancing defence capacities and developing interoperability. Bulgaria contributes to NATO’s military activities in the Black Sea region and regularly hosts and participates in exercises with NATO partners. However, Bulgaria also tries to remain on good terms with Russia by way of bilateral economic and political cooperation.

Contents

I. Background

II. Defence policy

III. Armed forces structure

IV. Armed forces deployment

V. Military spending

VI. Arms holdings and acquisitions

VII. Conclusions

ABOUT THE AUTHOR(S)/EDITORS

Alexandra Kuimova is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI Arms Transfers and Military Expenditure Programme.
Siemon T. Wezeman is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers and Military Expenditure Programme.