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Environmental Warfare: A Technical, Legal and Policy Appraisal

Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN 0-85066-278-8
107 pp.
Environmental Warfare is a comprehensive book for all those concerned with environmental questions. It also makes a timely contribution to the first review conference of the Enmod Convention.

Environmental warfare, or the manipulation of the environment for hostile military purposes, is prohibited by the 1977 Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques. This Convention, known as the 'Enmod Convention', is critically analysed here. No matter how remote many aspects of such exploitation of the environment may seem at the moment, the techniques must be understood if we are to be watchful. There are many things the military can do now which were inconceivable 50 years ago. Environmental Warfare is an outgrowth of a symposium convened in April 1984 by SIPRI together with UNIDIR (the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research) and in co-operation with UNEP (the United Nations Environmental Programme).



1. Environmental warfare: An overview
Arthur H. Westing

2. Techniques for manipulating the atmosphere
Ernö Mészáros

3. Techniques for manipulating the geosphere
Hallan C. Noltimier

4. Environmental disruption by military means and international law
Richard A. Falk

5. The Environmental Modification Convention of 1977: An analysis
Jozef Goldblat

6. The Environmental Modification Convention of 1977: The question of verification
Allan S. Krass

7. Environmental warfare: Policy recommendations
SIPRI/UNIDIR symposium participants


Appendix 1. Environmental warfare: Select bibilography
Arthur H. Westing

Appendix 2. The Environmental Modification Convention of 1977

Appendix 3. The Geneva Protocol I of 1977