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5. Europe: in search of cooperative security




Three basic issues were on the European security
agenda in 1996: the transformation and eastward enlargement of
NATO and the EU; the transatlantic partnership, including the
role of the USA in the security system taking shape in Europe
and the European pillar of NATO; and establishing the conceptual
framework of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in
Europe (OSCE) model for European security for the 21st century.
Some headway was made on these issues but no definitive agreements
were reached.

No single organization - whether NATO, the
EU, the OSCE or the Council of Europe - can handle the whole European
security process.Although the need for a new type of pan-European
system is repeatedly acknowledged in official documents, priority
has, in practice, been given to the US concept of a new Atlantic
community and to the enlargement of NATO and the EU. Instead of
focusing on their structures and procedures, security-related
organizations and institutions should be striving for greater


Appendix 5A. Documents on European security

Appendix 5A
contains documents from the OSCE Lisbon Summit and the Document
adopted by the States Parties to the CFE Treaty on the Scope and
Parameters of the Process Commissioned in paragraph 19 of the
Final Document of the First CFE Review Conference.