This 440-page Yearbook breaks new ground. Yearbooks already exist on such subjects as world agriculture and the world economy; but there is no yearbook on world armaments and disarmament. Before the Second World War the League of Nations did publish two yearbooks in this field: after the War the United Nations did not resume the practice. The purpose of the SIPRI Yearbook is to fill this obvious gap.
The SIPRI Yearbook 1968/69 brings together an account of what has been happening in world military expenditure and in the technological arms race, and an account of recent negotiations on arms limitation and disarmament. World concern about these matters is growing. In a number of countries there is increasing criticism of the size of the military budget. With the opening of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks in Helsinki, questions of arms control may well return to the centre of the stage of world affairs. For all those concerned with these questions, the SIPRI Yearbook provides invaluable material.
The Yearbook is in two parts. The first, an account of recent developments, begins with the trends in world military expenditure. It then concentrates on the strategic competition between the two great powers and the arms trade with developing countries. Next it turns to the technological arms race, with detailed studies of submarine-launched missiles, chemical and biological warfare, helicopters, and some night-fighting devices. Finally it gives an account of recent disarmament negotiations, analysing in particular the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and giving some background to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.
The second part of the book contains reference material on armaments and disarmament: the material has not hitherto been available in one place, and a good deal has not previously been published. For example, there are twenty-year series for the military expenditure of a large number of countries, at both current and constant prices; estimates for the value of trade in major weapons with developing countries; a 1968 Arms Trade Register, citing 260 major weapons transfers to third world countries; a detailed statistical account of all nuclear weapons testing programmes; a chronology of major disarmament efforts since 1945; maps of world boundary disputes; a list of post-World War II armed conflicts; and chronologies of two wars, the Nigerian civil war and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Part I. Account of 1968/69
1. World military expenditure
2. The technological arms race
3. Disarmament efforts
Part II. Reference material
Section 1. World military expenditure and the arms trade
Section 2. The technological arms race
Section 3. Disarmament
Section 4. Conflicts