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The Arctic is Hot: Addressing the Social and Environmental Implications

Publisher: SIPRI
SIPRI, Stockholm :
September, 2023

The Arctic is becoming more hotly contested and attracting new developments. The European Union (EU) is one actor that is turning to the Arctic to achieve its climate, energy, space-related and security goals. However, this increased interest can result in negative social and environmental local implications if not properly planned for and considered. This SIPRI Policy Brief provides an overview of the EU’s focus on the Arctic, with a particular focus on Kiruna, and the importance of human-centred and precautionary approaches.


The EU’s growing interest in the Arctic

The case of Kiruna

Starting points for the way forward



Emilie Broek was a Research Assistant in the SIPRI Climate Change and Risk Programme.