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Naval Incident Management in Europe, East Asia and South East Asia

Naval Incident Management in Europe, East Asia and South East Asia
Publisher: SIPRI
SIPRI, Stockholm:
March, 2023
Unprecedented global turbulence in 2022 has demonstrated the need to pay increased attention to naval operations. Enhanced military capability allows naval power projection far beyond home waters. New threats and challenges are emerging from technological advances and new applications, not least the vulnerability of warships and naval facilities to cyber intrusions and cyberattacks. As states implement the programmes they need to protect and promote their interests at sea, there is also likely to be an increase in the number of close tracking incidents. How effective current risk reduction mechanisms will be at dealing with incidents at sea is unclear. This Insights Paper provides a preliminary assessment of the existing mechanisms and suggests areas for further improvement.

I. Introduction

II. Classifying incidents and risks

III. Naval incidents in a time of geopolitical competition

IV. Emerging naval risks 

V. Current risk reduction mechanisms 

VI. Conclusions and recommendations 


Dr Ian Anthony was the Director of SIPRI’s European Security Programme.
Fei Su is a Researcher in the SIPRI China and Asia Security Programme.
Dr Lora Saalman is a Senior Researcher within SIPRI’s Armament and Disarmament and Conflict, Peace and Security research areas.