The independent resource on global security

Effective and Comprehensive CBRN Security Risk Management in the 21st Century

EUNPDC no. 75 cover
Publisher: SIPRI
SIPRI, Stockholm:
June, 2021

The multifaceted nature of security concerns related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in the 21st century requires a novel organizing principle for the international multilateral efforts focusing on the prevention of the hostile misuse of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) knowledge and materials. At the heart of this security paradigm is the need for strengthening the established international norms against the development, spread and use of WMD, and ensuring the comprehensive in-depth implementation of relevant regulatory instruments through the internalization of safety and security practices, procedures and behaviours among relevant professional communities. This paper argues that effective CBRN security risk management requires the integration of national, regional and international strategic approaches that promote and uphold the norms of WMD non-proliferation and disarmament.


I. Introduction

II. The evolution of the CBRN security paradigm

III. CBRN security risks within the EU policy discourse

IV. Key prerequisites for enhancing cross-sectorial interaction in the implementation of CBRN security

V. Implications for EU CBRN security policy


Dr Tatyana Novossiolova (Bulgaria) is a Research Fellow in the Law Program at the Center for the Study of Democracy, Bulgaria. She has developed an interactive biological security training manual that has been translated into several different languages.
Prof. Maurizio Martellini (Italy) is Director of the Insubria Center on International Security, Secretary General of the Landau Network-Fondazione Alessandro Volta, Associate Professor of Physics at the University of Insubria, Italy, and a member of the Italian Union of Scientists for Disarmament. He is also an advisor to the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Martellini is an expert in nonproliferation and disarmament and CBRN cyber issues.