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The European Union Training Mission in Somalia: An Assessment

EUTM Somalia cover
Paul D. Williams and Hussein Yusuf Ali
Publisher: SIPRI
November, 2020

This report provides an overview of the European Union Training Mission in Somalia (EUTM Somalia) and assesses its impact on Somalia’s conflict dynamics since it was established in 2010. It is part of a larger Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) project analysing the effectiveness of the European Union’s training missions in Somalia, Mali and the Central African Republic. 

The report analyses EUTM Somalia’s main training and advisory activities before assessing its political and operational impacts. It then summarizes the main factors that account for the mission’s successes and limitations and sketches three future scenarios for the mission. 

It concludes that EUTM Somalia had a positive political impact on the EU’s relationship with the Federal Government of Somalia and the African Union. However, the mission’s impact on Somalia’s conflict dynamics was very limited until 2019, when a direct link was finally established between EUTM Somalia training and operational deployment of Somali units in offensive and stabilization operations. 


I. Introduction

II. Background

III. EUTM Somalia’s activities

IV. The impact of EUTM Somalia 

V. Explanatory factors behind the impact of EUTM Somalia

VI. The future of EUTM Somalia

VII. Conclusions


Paul D. Williams (United Kingdom/United States) is a professor in the Elliott School of International Affairs at the George Washington University.
Hussein Yusuf Ali (Finland/Somalia) is an independent researcher based in Somalia.