- Armament and disarmament
- Conflict, peace and security
- Peace and development
The North Korean nuclear and ballistic missile crisis is the most serious proliferation crisis the European Union (EU) and its member states currently face on the world stage. Despite the staging of diplomatic meetings, the threat caused by this crisis to European interests, in terms of proliferation, instability and to prosperity, persists. It is now essential that the EU and its member states move from a strategy of critical engagement to implementing a more proactive strategy of credible commitments in four areas: political engagement, non-proliferation, the implementation of restrictive measures and engagement with the North Korean people. Such a renewed strategy should be highly coordinated, build on the many initiatives already being taken and facilitated by the appointment of an EU Special Representative on North Korea.
II. The radicalization of North Korea with regard to its nuclear and ballistic missile programmes
III. Lessons learned from past and current failures of negotiations
IV. The evolution and partial failure of the EU strategy of critical engagement
V. A renewed strategy of credible commitments based on multi-level coordination