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On 6 February 2019, the Khartoum Agreement was signed between the Government of the Central African Republic (CAR) and 14 armed groups in Khartoum. Since then, repeated violations of the February agreement, as well as growing demonstrations against peacekeepers, suggest that a pathway out of conflict has yet to be found.
This policy study uses both research and fieldwork to compare the aims of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) with the end state that local populations, authorities and other key stakeholders in CAR would like to see. The study focuses on the objectives of stabilization activities in terms of state legitimacy, security sector reform and social cohesion between groups in society. It examines these activities against the perceptions of those that are supposed to benefit from them and asks: Do assumptions match expectations?
The findings highlight key discrepancies and develops recommendations aimed at international actors and the Government of CAR on how best to navigate risks and identify opportunities for achieving legitimacy and stability.
A complementary policy study on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Securing Legitimate Stability in the DRC: External Assumptions and Local Perspectives, is also available. The policy report Towards Legitimate Stability in CAR and the DRC: External Assumptions and Local Perspectives synthesizes the findings of the two studies.
III. Ongoing international efforts
IV. The state as the least bad option
V. Explaining the emphasis on the armed forces for reining in security
VI. Reconstituting the social contract