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Africa and the Global Market in Natural Uranium: From Proliferation Risk to Non-proliferation Opportunity

Publisher: SIPRI
ISBN 978-91-85114-81-8
November, 2013

Little attention has been paid to the limited, but not negligible, nuclear proliferation risks associated with the mining of uranium. As the global market for uranium changes and as more African countries become uranium suppliers, there is a need for them to be vigilant of those risks.

This is the first study to look at the proliferation risks associated with uranium extraction in Africa and to suggest practical ways in which African states can act to mitigate them. The authors argue that, as countries of proliferation concern achieve proficiency in uranium conversion and enrichment, restricting easy access to uranium could be one part of a comprehensive and integrated approach to non-proliferation across the nuclear fuel cycle. 


1. Introduction

2. Uranium extraction and proliferation risk

3. The uranium market

4. The legal framework

5. Conclusions and recommendations


Dr Ian Anthony was the Director of SIPRI’s European Security Programme.
Dr Lina Grip was a Researcher with the European Security Programme.