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Conflict Minerals in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Aligning Trade and Security Interventions

Publisher: SIPRI
ISBN 978-91-85114-64-1
June, 2011

Mineral resources have played a crucial role in fuelling protracted armed conflict in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This Policy Paper examines the the prospects for and interactions between various trade- and security-related initiatives that are aimed at demilitarizing the supply chains of key minerals. It also describes the changing context in which such initiatives operate. Finally, it offers policy recommendations for how the Congolese Government and international actors can coordinate and strengthen their responses in order to break resource–conflict links in eastern DRC.


1. Introduction

2. Mineral production and trade

3. Militarization of mines and trading chains

4. Non-military responses 

5. Conclusions and recommendations