The independent resource on global security

Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Global Order

Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN 0-19-829155-8
258 pp.
What do arms control and disarmament mean for the political order of the world, and how does nuclear proliferation relate to them? What are the prospects for global order in a world of unequal states?

These questions provide the general point of departure for this book. Specifically, the book briefly recounts the development of global nuclear non-proliferation policies, and the test ban issue, followed by a detailed examination of the developments between the Third and Fourth NPT Review Conferences. The organization and work of the Fourth NPT Review Conference are outlined, and the issues as they appeared in the general debate are surveyed. The work of the various committees charged with producing a consensus in the most contested areas is reviewed, and the final outcome is discussed. The significance of the PTBT Amendment Conference is assessed, beginning with the controversies which existed at the outset. Both the Meeting in May-June 1990 and the Conference itself in January 1991 are reviewed. The consequences of the 1991 Persian Gulf War for the non-proliferation regime are considered, as are the responses of the international community to the proliferation-relevant aspects of this dramatic international event. The final chapter of the book addresses several questions. What are the prospects for extending the NPT in 1995? Are there serious prospects for progress in further curtailment of nuclear testing? If so, how does this affect the future of the NPT? Finally, this book attempts to draw conclusions concerning the prospects for establishing reliable, tenable and enforceable world-wide rules for the control and reduction of weapons of mass destruction.


1. Introduction

2. A brief history of nuclear non-proliferation policy

3. From the Third to the Fourth NPT Review Conference 1985-90

4. The General Debate at the Fourth Review Conference

5. The working phase of the Fourth Review Conference

6. Assessing the Fourth Review Conference

7. The 1991 PTBT Amendment Conference

8. The non-proliferation regime beyond the 1991 Persian Gulf War

9. The future of nuclear non-proliferation


Appendix A. Documents on nuclear weapon non-proliferation

Appendix B. Implementation of the NPT