The independent resource on global security

Non-Proliferation: The Why and the Wherefore

Non proliferation.jpg
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN 0-85066-304-0
343 pp.

Is the appearance of new nuclear weapon states inevitable? Who are the sponsors and apologists of nuclear weapons, and why are others in favour of renouncing them? What are the implications for international security of the increasingly wide use of nuclear energy? How can nuclear threats be defused?

SIPRI's study suggests some answers to these questions. The book examines the situation in a number of countries of key importance for non-proliferation: the two nuclear-weapon states which have declined to join the 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty (China and France); a group of nuclear 'threshold' states also remaining outside the Treaty (Argentina, Brazil, India, Israel, Pakistan, South Africa and Spain); and a group of states, both developed and developing, which for various reasons have joined the Treaty (Canada, Egypt, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland and Taiwan).

The focus of the book is on motivations for and against nuclear proliferation. An analysis of these motivations leads the editor to make detailed recommendations aimed at halting the spread of nuclear weapons.

Appendices include a list of nuclear facilities in the countries studied, specifying the degree of their coverage by international controls, and other relevant documentation.



Part I. Discussion and recommendations

Discussion and recommendations
Jozef Goldblat


Part II. Motivations of states

I. Nuclear weapon states not party to the NPT

1A. China
Wu Xiu Quan

1B. China
Reinhard Drifte

2. France
Bertrand Goldschmidt


II. Other non-parties to the NPT

3. Argentina
Jorge A. Aja Espil

4. Brazil
José Goldemberg

5A. India
Girilal Jain

5B. India
Rodney W. Jones

6. Israel
Shalheveth Freier

7A. Pakistan
Zalmay M. Khalilzad

7B. Pakistan
Ashok Kapur

8. South Africa
George Barrie

9. Spain
Angel Vinas


III. Selected parties to the NPT

10. Canada
William Epstein

11. Egypt
Gregory H. Kats

12A. South Korea
Joseph A. Yager

12B. South Korea
Choung Il Chee

13. Sweden
Martin Fehrm

14. Switzerland
Rudolf L. Bindschedler

15. Taiwan
George H. Quester


Part III. Summaries

Appendix 1. Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Appendix 2. Security Council Resolution on security assurances to non-nuclear weapon states

Appendix 3. Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Treaty of Tlatelolco)

Appendix 4. Status of the implementation of the NPT and the Treaty of Tlatelolco, as of 1 January 1985

Appendix 5. Final Declaration of the Review Conference of the Parties to the NPT, 30 May 1975

Appendix 6. Data on nuclear activities in the 15 countries studied