The independent resource on global security

Nuclear Disengagement in Europe

Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN 0-85066-244-3
271 pp.

There has been an upsurge of public concern over the nuclear threat to Europe. Already saturated with nuclear weapons, Europe faces controversial new deployments and there is alarm over military strategies for nuclear war in the region. It is in this context that the idea of nuclear weapon-free zones has captured the popular imagination and become a political issue in Europe. Not only would such zones build confidence and raise the nuclear threshold, but they would be first steps towards a more comprehensive elimination of nuclear weapons.

Nuclear Disengagement in Europe probes the question of nuclear weapon-free zones in the region. Pugwash and SIPRI arranged a meeting at which an international team of lawyers, scientists, politicians and military experts gave background information and provided an appraisal of problems regarding the zone initiatives as well as benefits that would accrue. Possible elements in a European zone arrangement were elaborated on and procedures towards the establishment of such a zone were suggested.



Part I. Nuclear disengagement

Nuclear Disengagement

S. Lodgaard


Part II. Proposals for nuclear disengagement in Europe

1. Nuclear disengagement efforts 1955-80: politics of status quo or political change?

M. Saeter

2. A central European view on a nuclear weapon-free zone in the North

J. Wiejacz

3. European security policy in the 1980s: rethinking Western strategy

W. Schütze

4. A nuclear weapon-free zone in the Balkans

N. Behar and I. Nedev

5. Disengagement and nuclear weapon-free zones: raising the nuclear threshold

S. Lodgaard and P. Berg


Part III. A nuclear weapon-free zone in the North: the military context

6. The northern seas in Soviet and US strategy

S. Miller

7. The Barents and Arctic Seas in power calculations: implications for Norway and the Nordic countries

C. Jacobsen

8. The geostrategic framework for a Nordic NWFZ and the political-military consequences

B. Hugemark


Part IV. Elements of a Nordic Zone

9. The establishment of nuclear weapon-free zones in Europe: proposal on a treaty text

J. Evensen

10. A Nordic nuclear weapon-free zone: model and procedure

J. Prawitz

11. Possible rules regulating the transit of nuclear weapons inside and their deployment outside a Nordic NWFZ

K. Törnudd

12. Technical feasibility of the detection of nuclear weapons

A. Gsponer

13. Non-use of nuclear weapons and NWFZs

A. Rosas


Part V. Procedure

14. Comments on a draft declaration

A. Rosas

15. How to proceed towards a Nordic nuclear weapon-free zone

R. Ekéus

16. A flexible approach to a Nordic NWFZ

F. Calogero

17. The NWFZ as a popular move: informed, rational and imaginative politics

M. Thee