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The Near-Nuclear Countries and the NPT

Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell
ISBN 91-85114-14-6
123 pp.

This study analyses the positions of 15 important near-nuclear countries—India, Pakistan, Israel, Egypt, South Africa, Japan, Australia, Spain, Brazil, Argentina, West Germany, Italy, Holland, Belgium and Switzerland—on the Non-Proliferation Treaty. In doing this it also describes the civilian nuclear programmes of these countries and assesses the possibilities of any of these countries acquiring nuclear weapons for reasons of national security.

The book is a revised and expanded version of a paper originally published in World Armaments and Disarmament, SIPRI Yearbook 1972.


I. General background

II. Country studies

III. Conclusions


Appendix 1. Nuclear power reactors as a source of plutonium

Appendix 2. Enriched uranium technology

Appendix 3. Nuclear safeguards

Appendix 4. Test of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Appendix 5. List of states which have signed, ratified or acceded to the Non-Proliferation Treaty

Appendix 6. Summary of World Armaments and Disarmament, SIPRI Yearbook 1972


Dr Frank Barnaby was SIPRI's Director from 1971–81.