In response to the Russian involvement in the conflict in Ukraine that started in early 2014, the EU imposed on 31 July 2014 sanctions against Russia, including an arms embargo, by adopting Council Decision 2014/512/CFSP, and Council Regulation (EU) No 833/2014.
The sanctions prohibited any involvement in the supply of arms and services related to military to Russia or dual use items for military use or military end-users in Russia by nationals of EU states or from the territories of EU states, unless contracts or agreements for such supplies had been concluded before 1 august 2014. The prohibition includes involvement in transport or financing of arms and dual use goods for military use for Russia. The prohibition includes the export of items that are to be subsequently re-exported from Russia to a third country. On 23 and 25 February 2022, after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the restrictions were amended by prohibiting the sale, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, of goods and technology which might contribute to Russia’s military and technological enhancement, or the development of the defence and security sector.
In addition the import, purchase or transport of arms from Russia was prohibited, unless contracts or agreements had been concluded before 1 august 2014 and with the exception of items and services necessary for the maintenance of equipment already within the EU.
The embargo was initially in place until 31 July 2015, but has since been extended regularly. It is currently in place until 31 July 2022.