In April 1993 the European Union and its Member States agreed to impose an arms embargo on Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo).
In October 2002 this was followed by Council Common Position 2002/829/CFSP on the supply of certain equipment into the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In September 2003 the Council introduced Common Position 2003/680/CFSP and Council Regulation (EC) No 1727/2003 as an amendment to the arms embargo.
In April 2005, UNSCR 1596/2005 was adopted reaffirming the measures imposed by UNSCR 1493/2003. To bring the EU arms embargo in line with UNSCR 1596/2005, Common Position 2002/829/CFSP was repealed and Council Common Position 2005/440/CFSP was adopted. For the same reason, Council Regulation (EC) No 889/2005 replaced Council Regulation (EC) No 1727/2003.