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Developments in 2009

On 23 December 2009 UN Security Council resolution 1907 imposed sanctions, including an arms embargo, on Eritrea. This was the first new UN arms embargo since 2006. The sanctions were imposed for two reasons. First, the UN Monitoring Groups on Somalia had reported that Eritrea had provided political, financial and logistical support to armed groups in Somalia. Second, Eritrea's refusal to withdraw its armed forces from territory it disputes with Djibouti and engage in diplomatic dialogue about this issue.

On 12 June 2009 UN Security Council Resolution 1874 widened the arms embargo on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK, or North Korea) in response to a nuclear test explosion and ballistics missile tests by North Korea. It extended the embargo on supplies of most major arms to North Korea to include all arms and related materiel, except for small arms and light weapons. Furthermore the embargo on procurement of arms from North Korea was extended to include all arms, without exception.

On 17 December 2009 UN Security Council Resolution 1903 lifted the remaining restrictions on arms supplies to the Government of Liberia for a trial period of one year.

On 17 October 2009, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) imposed an arms embargo on Guinea in response to the killing by Guinean military of over 150 demonstrators in Guinea on 28 September 2009.

On 27 October 2009, the EU adopted Council Common Position 2009/788/CFSP, imposing an arms embargo on Guinea in response to the massacre of 28 September 2009 and the general political situation in Guinea.

On 27 October 2009, the EU decided not to renew its arms embargo on Uzbekistan.