The independent resource on global security

Terms and conditions

Fair use policy

Fair use of SIPRI content is defined as
  • the excerption of SIPRI copyrighted material for such purposes as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship or research in which the use is for non-commercial purposes
  • the reproduction of less than 10 per cent of a published data set. 

NB: Both the above conditions must apply to count as fair use.

Fair use is freely authorized as long as due reference is given to the specific SIPRI source(s).


Reproduction of the SIPRI website

SIPRI freely authorizes the downloading or printing of the contents of its website for any non-commercial use. You may use or cite the contents of the website only if you give a clear reference to its source. For any commercial use of the content on this website (e.g. repurposing or reprinting data and content for cash sales), please obtain written permission from SIPRI. For use of non-SIPRI material, permission must be obtained from the copyright owner.


Reproduction of SIPRI publications

Permission to photocopy SIPRI print publications by institutions, educators and other users may be obtained from the SIPRI Publications, Library and Editorial Department.

For photocopying and scanning of SIPRI publications by all others: you may make single copies for your own private use. For all other purposes, such as copies made for any public or commercial purpose, or if copies will be sold at a cash price to readers, permission should be obtained from SIPRI Publications, Library and Editorial Department.

Authors and publishers who intend to reproduce a SIPRI publication in whole or in part should contact SIPRI Publications, Library and Editorial Department with details of the text for which permission is sought and the publication in which it is to be reproduced (including the price, print run and intended distribution).


Reproduction of SIPRI data

SIPRI data may be freely downloaded, cited, and used for statistical or other analytical purposes. Any reproduction—in any medium, electronic or printed—of the data requires authorization, except as noted below. Permission may be granted provided that:

  • A request for permission is submitted to SIPRI. A request must include your full name, where you are from, your affiliation, and for what purposes you require the data.
  • Attribution to SIPRI in a source credit-line is given, including the phrase 'Information from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), URL ADDRESS'. This applies to both citations and reproduction.


When text or data is to be used for commercial purposes, and once permission has been obtained, the parties will negotiate a reasonable royalty for such commercial use.

You do NOT need permission to use or cite SIPRI data for the following purposes, so long as SIPRI is clearly identified as the source of the data:

  • In a university/school/college paper, essay or dissertation
  • In an academic journal article, monograph or book chapter
  • In a newspaper or magazine article
  • In a blog post

This includes producing graphs and charts based on the data.

For such purposes, permission is only needed if you want to directly reproduce more than 10% of the database. That's about 500 separate pieces of data. In other words, you almost certainly don't need permission. (It's fine to use as much of the data as you like for e.g. econometric analysis. It's only direct republishing of the data itself that requires permission for large volumes).


Commercial usage

SIPRI offers services and applies fees for commercial usage of its information. On request to SIPRI Publications, Library and Editorial Department, specific data and information packages can be obtained.


The information on the SIPRI website is provided ‘as is’ and without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, without limitation, warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.

SIPRI shall not be liable for any losses or damages incurred or suffered in connection with its website, including, without limitation, any direct, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages, even if SIPRI has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

Except where expressly stated, the materials on this website represent views of the authors thereof and are not necessarily those of SIPRI, its Governing Board or its Advisory Committee. SIPRI does not endorse the accuracy or reliability of any information provided on its website by third parties, or of any information in third-party websites and publications that may be linked to the SIPRI website or referred to within it.

All postings to forums on the website become the sole property of SIPRI, which reserves the right to modify or remove them. SIPRI shall have no obligation to review or screen any postings, but postings to moderated forums may not appear on this website until after the moderator has approved them. Postings to the SIPRI website, whether approved by a moderator or not, are not endorsed by SIPRI. Visitors shall use forums on the SIPRI website solely for lawful and ethical purposes related to the subject of each particular forum.

This website may include content that has been translated from English or to English. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of translations, the version used by SIPRI is the English version of the document, as English is the working language of SIPRI.


SIPRI reserves the right in its sole discretion, without notice or obligation to take the needs of any user into consideration, to modify or terminate its website and to deny any user access to its website or any portion thereof.

These terms and conditions of usage constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the subject matter hereof. No waiver or amendment of these terms and conditions of usage shall be binding upon SIPRI unless in writing and signed by its duly authorized representative.

These terms and conditions of usage will be interpreted in accordance with the laws of Sweden.