Arms Embargoes Database

Arms embargoes are one type of sanctions that can be used to coerce states and non-governmental actors to improve their behaviour in the interests of international peace and security.
This database gives information on all multilateral arms embargoes that have been implemented by an international organisation, such as the EU or UN, or by a group of nations. It includes both legally binding embargoes and those that are solely political commitments. It provides details of the aims, scope and amendments to all arms embargoes that are in force, or have been in force since 1998 and to most that were in force before 1998. The database is constantly updated to include information on new arms embargoes or significant modifications to existing arms embargoes. Annual summaries of arms embargo related events can be found at: 2013 - 2012 - 2011 - 2010 - 2009 - 2008 - 2007 - 2006 - 2005 - 2004 -2003 - 2002.


UN arms embargoes

Target
Entry into force
Lifted
Establishing Document

Mandatory UN embargoes

Afghanistan (Taliban) 19 Dec. 2000 (16 Jan. 2002) UNSCR 1333
Al-Qaeda and associated individuals and entities 16 Jan. 2002 - UNSCR 1390
Taliban 16 Jan. 2002 - UNSCR 1390
Angola (UNITA) 15 Sep. 1993 9 Dec. 2002 UNSCR 864
Central African Republic 5 Dec. 2013 - UNSCR 2127
Cote d'Ivoire 15 Nov. 2004 - UNSCR 1572
DRC (NGF) 28 Jul.2003 - UNSCR 1493
Eritrea 17 May 2000 15 May 2001 UNSCR 1298
Eritrea
Ethiopia
23 Dec. 2009
17 May 2000
-
15 May 2001
UNSCR 1907
UNSCR 1298
Haiti 16 Jun. 1993 29 Sep. 1994 UNSCR 841
Iran
23 Dec. 2006 - UNSCR 1737
Iraq (NGF since 2004)
6 Aug. 1990 - UNSCR 661
Lebanon (NGF) 11 Aug. 2006 - UNSCR 1701
Liberia (NGF since 2009)
19 Nov. 1992 - UNSCR 788
Libya 31 Mar. 1992 12 Sep. 2003 (suspended 5 Apr.1999) UNSCR 748
Libya 26 Feb. 2011 - UNSCR 1970
North Korea (DPRK) 14 Oct. 2006 - UNSCR 1718
Rwanda (NGF) 16 Aug. 1995 10 Jul. 2008 UNSCR 1011
Sierra Leone (NGF) 5 Jun. 1998 29 Sep. 2010 UNSCR 1171
Somalia 23 Jan. 1992 - UNSCR 733
South Africa 4 Nov. 1977 25 May 1994 UNSCR 418
Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) 16 Dec. 1966 21 Dec. 1979 UNSCR 232
Sudan (Darfur region) 30 Jul.2004 - UNSCR 1556
Yugoslavia (FRY) 25 Sep. 1991 1 Oct. 1996 UNSCR 713
Yugoslavia (FRY) 31 Mar. 1998 10 Sep. 2001 UNSCR 1160

Non Mandatory UN Embargoes

Afghanistan 22 Oct. 1996 (Oct. 2001) UNSCR 1076
Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan)
Eritrea
29 Jul. 1993
12 Feb. 1999
2002
17 May 2000
UNSCR 853
UNSCR 1227
Ethiopia 12 Feb. 1999 17 May 2000 UNSCR 1227
South Africa 7 Aug. 1963 4 Nov. 1977 (25 May 1994) UNSCR 181
Target Entry into force Lifted Establishing Document

EU embargoes

Afghanistan 17 Dec. 1996 (26 Feb. 2001) 96/746/CFSP
Afghanistan (Taliban) (26 Feb. 2001) (27 May 2002) 2001/154/CFSP
Al-Qaeda, Taliban, Osama Bin Laden 27 May 2002 - 2002/402/CFSP
Belarus 20 Jun.2011 - 2011/357/CFSP
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5 Jul. 1991 23. Jan 2006 EC declaration
Central African Republic 23 Dec.2013 - 2013/798/CFSP
China 27 Jun.1989 - EC declaration
Cote d'Ivoire 15 Nov. 2004 - 2004/852/CFSP
Croatia 5 Jul. 1991 20 Nov. 2000 EC declaration
DRC (NGF since 2003)
7 Apr. 1993 - EC declaration
Egypt 21 Aug. 2013 - EU agreement
Eritrea 1 Mar. 2010 - 2010/127/CFSP
Eritrea 15 Mar. 1999 31 May 2001 1999/206/CFSP
Ethiopia 15 Mar. 1999 31 May 2001 1999/206/CFSP
Guinea 27 Oct. 2009 - 2009/788/CFSP
Indonesia 17 Sep. 1999 17 Jan. 2000 1999/624/CFSP
Iran 23 Apr.2007 - 2007/246/CFSP
Iraq (NGF since 2004)
4 Aug. 1990 - EC declaration
Lebanon (NGF)
15 Sep. 2006 - 2006/625/CFSP
Liberia 7 May 2001 - 2001/357/CFSP
Libya 27 Jan. 1986 11 Oct. 2004 EC declaration
Libya 28 Feb. 2011 - 2011/137/CFSP
Myanmar (Burma) 29 Jul. 1991 - EC declaration
Nigeria 20 Nov. 1995 1 Jun. 1999 95/515/CFSP
North Korea (DPRK) 22 Nov. 2006 - 2006/795/CFSP
Sierra Leone (NGF) 5 Jun. 1998 29 Oct. 2010 98/409/CFSP
Slovenia 5 Jul. 1991 (16 Feb. 1996) EC declaration
Somalia 10 Dec. 2002 - 2002/960/CFSP
South Sudan 18 Jul. 2011 - 2011/423/CFSP
Sudan 15 Mar. 1994 - 94/165/CFSP
Syria 9 May. 2011 - 2011/273/CFSP
Ukraine 20 Feb. 2014 - EU agreement
Uzbekistan 14 Nov. 2005 31 Oct. 2009 2005/792/CFSP
Yugoslavia (FRY) 5 Jul. 1991 8 Oct. 2001 EC declaration
Zimbabwe 18 Feb. 2002 - 2002/145/CFSP

Other multilateral embargoes

Target Entry into force Lifted Establishing Document
Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan) (OSCE) 28 Feb. 1992 - OSCE statement
Burundi (7 C/E African States) 6 Aug. 1996 23 Jan. 1999 -
Guinea (ECOWAS) 17 Oct. 2009 25 Mar. 2011 -
Nigeria (Commonwealth) 24 Apr. 1996 Nov. 1999 -
Syria (League of Arab States) 3 Dec. 2011 - LAS statement
Togo (ECOWAS) 19 Feb. 2005 26 Feb. 2005 -
Togo (African Union) 25 Feb. 2005 (27-28 May 2005) -

 

Acronyms: DRC = Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire); FRY = Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; CFSP = Common Foreign and Security Policy; EC = European Community; EU = European Union;
LAS = League of Arab States; NGF = Non-Governmental Forces; OSCE = Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe; UNITA = National Union for the Total Independence of Angola; UNSCR = UN Security Council Resolution.

RESPONSIBLE STAFF
  • Contact Pieter Wezeman for comments or questions concerning our SIPRI Arms Embargoes Database.