- 20 Mar., London
Tilman Brück and Anastasia Aladysheva attended a joint SIPRI–International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) seminar on impact evaluations of humanitarian interventions.
- 17–19 Mar., Amman, Jordan
Jaïr van der Lijn and Xenia Avezov attended the sixth regional dialogue meetings for the SIPRI New Geopolitics of Peace Operations project. The meeting brought together a range of leading experts, government officials and representatives of international organizations to discuss the perspectives of countries in the Middle East about the future of peace operations.
- 6 Mar., Stockholm and Washington, DC
The Economists for Peace and Security (EPS) blog, co-hosted by SIPRI and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) published a post by Herbert Wulf, entitled 'China, India and the three Cs'.
- 6 Mar., Stockholm
Thanos Dokos' paper, 'Iran's nuclear propensity: the probability of nuclear use', was published as part of the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium's Non-proliferation Paper series.
- 5 Mar., Washington, DC
Gary Milante participated as a discussant at the launch of the Human Security Report 2013 on the global decline in violence.
- 4 Mar., New York
Jaïr van der Lijn and Xenia Avezov presented the preliminary findings of the SIPRI New Geopolitics of Peace Operations Initiative at a panel discussion at the Finnish Mission to the United Nations.
- 28 Feb., Tokyo
Mathieu Duchâtel participated in a panel discussion on possible security cooperation between Japan and Europe at a seminar organized by the European Union Institute in Japan at Waseda University.
- 27 Feb., Malmö
Kristofer Bergh gave a lecture for the Malmö Association of Foreign Affairs on the security and geopolitics of the Arctic. The lecture was attended by approximately 30 students from Malmö University. Read more about the lecture.
- 25 Feb., Tokyo
Sibylle Bauer gave a presentation at the 20th annual Asian Export Control Seminar entitled 'Internalization of international regimes and United Nations Security Council resolutions: controls lists'. The conference included participants from around 30 countries, as well as from international organizations and research institutes. It was organized by the Japanese Foreign Ministry, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, and the Centre for Information on Security Trade Control (CISTEC).
- 20–21 Feb., Münster
Sibylle Bauer participated in the annual Export Control Conference organized by the German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) and the Centre for Foreign Trade Law at the University of Münster. The theme of this year's meeting was the limits and goals of export controls. SIPRI Director Tilman Brück also gave a presentation on the costs of war at the event, which was attended by many German exporters of arms and dual-use items as well as the different German agencies and ministries involved in export controls.
- 19 Feb., Stockholm and Washington, DC
SIPRI, Economists for Peace and Security (EPS) and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) co-published a blog post on future developments in research on the economics of violent conflict, by Patricia Justino.
- 18 Feb., Stockholm
Neil Melvin briefed Sweden's Foreign Minister, Carl Bildt, on emerging Russian and Chinese relations in the Arctic at a meeting of Sweden's strategiska rådet (Strategic Council), a forum for strategic discussions between policymakers and experts on key emerging foreign and security policy issues.
- 18 Feb., Brussels
Sibylle Bauer and Pieter Wezeman participated in a round table seminar organized by the Flemish Peace Institute and Transparency International, on the subject of parliamentary control of security and defence policy in Belgium. The round table featured discussions with researchers on methodological questions, and with Belgian parliamentarians on parliamentary scrutiny of arms procurement and arms exports.
- 11–13 Feb., Nairobi
Gary Milante convened a Security Sector Reform (SSR) and Inclusive Development research workshop with national stakeholders and partners including The Hague Institute, Africa Research Network, Peacenet, and the Africa Centre for Security and Strategic Studies. Over 40 participants joined the workshop to comment on the new research project as well as suggest ways forward for stakeholder consultations, interviews and case studies on the SSR process in Kenya. Read more about the workshop.
- 13 Feb., Warsaw
John Hart attended the fifth and final Chemical Munitions Search and Assessment (CHEMSEA) project meeting. The CHEMSEA project was a three-year, European Union-funded scientific investigation of dumped chemical munitions in the Baltic Sea. SIPRI was an associated partner for this project.
- 5 Feb., Stockholm and Washington, DC
SIPRI, Economists for Peace and Security (EPS) and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) co-published the second installment in a two-part blog post on the governance of natural resources in hybrid political orders, by Gilles Carbonnier and Lara Atanasijevic.
- 1 Feb., Stockholm
The European Union Non-Proliferation Consortium, of which SIPRI is a member, published a Discussion Paper by Mark Bromley and Paul Holtom, entitled 'Arms Trade Treaty assistance: identifying a role for the European Union' (PDF).
- Top Think Tanks Worldwide (5th)
- Top Think Tanks Worldwide, non-US (3rd)
- Top Think Tanks in Western Europe (3rd)
- Top Defense and National Security Think Tanks (7th)
- Top Foreign Policy and International Affairs Think Tanks (7th)
- Top International Development Think Tanks (33rd)
- Top Science and Technology Think Tanks (36th)
- Think Tanks with the Best Use of Print or Electronic Media (14th)
- Think Tanks with the Most Significant Impact on Public Policy (23rd)
- Think Tanks with Outstanding Policy-Oriented Public Programs (14th)
- 13 Jan., London
SIPRI Researcher Rachel Irwin successfully defended her PhD thesis, on the subject of political ritual within the World Health Organization, at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
- 13 Jan., Stockholm
SIPRI welcomed two new Korea Foundation interns: Suyoun Jang will intern with SIPRI's Global Health Project, and Duli Im will be an intern in the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme.
- 16 Jan., Stockholm
SIPRI Researcher Xenia Avezov's workshop report from the fourth New Geopolitics of Peacekeeping Initiative regional dialogue, in Astana, Kazakhstan, was published on the SIPRI site (PDF).
- 22 Jan., Stockholm and Washington, DC
SIPRI, Economists for Peace and Security and the United States Institute of Peace co-published the first installment in a two-part blog post on the governance of natural resources in hybrid political orders, by Gilles Carbonnier and Lara Atanasijevic.
In July 2014 SIPRI and the Institute of Public Policy and Administration of the University of Central Asia (UCA) will offer a Summer School programme in Kyrgyzstan entitled ‘Labour Markets in Central Asia’.
The objective of the Summer School is to teach the basics of labour economics, discuss a range of labour market issues in Central Asia and beyond, and introduce relevant research and policy evaluation methods.
The content of the course will include the basics of labour economics theory; related topics such as education, migration, social safety and economic policies; statistical and econometric methods; and micro-data exercises.
Applicants should currently hold a teaching or research position at a university-level institution in Central Asia. Applicants not educated in universities in developed countries will be given priority. Applicants currently residing and working outside the Central Asian region will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
A limited number of spaces will be made available for policy analysts from government, international agencies and civil society organizations.
Image: Swedish International Development Cooperation Minister Hillevi Engström speaks at the 2014 Stockholm Forum on Security and Development
On 28 March SIPRI and the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) co-hosted a high-level forum—the 2014 Stockholm Forum on Security and Development—with the theme of 'Freedom from Violence'.
Over 200 participants attended the event, which SIPRI hopes will become an annual fixture on the security and development calendar in Stockholm.
The Forum leveraged international state-of-the-art research and policy findings from think tanks and academics in Sweden and abroad, and showcased research and policy advice produced by this community at the intersection between security, peace and socioeconomic development.
The conference sessions also drew on Scandinavian traditions of discussion, interaction, and collaborative knowledge creation.
On 27 March SIPRI also organized a pre-Forum event, featuring a number of parallel sessions.
A full report from the Forum will appear on the SIPRI website in due course. Read more about the event (in Swedish) on the website of the Swedish MFA.
Image: screenshot of the SIPRI Twitter account
On Saturday 29 March, just over three years since SIPRI joined Twitter, the number of followers of the @SIPRIorg account ticked over 10 000.
We're thrilled to have reached this milestone, and would like to take this opportunity to thank each of our Twitter followers for their interest in SIPRI. A special thanks to all of our followers who have re-tweeted our tweets or mentioned us in their own tweets.
A lot has changed in the past three years—take a look at our first five tweets from way back in March 2011:
We now follow over 800 accounts, including more than 50 accounts administered by the United Nations alone, and look forward to increasing our engagement with our Twitter followers over the coming years.
In the meantime, why not join us?
The GW Elliott School of International Affairs' Central Asia Program and SIPRI North America are pleased to announce that applications are now open for the Fall 2014 Central Asia Fellowship Program (15 August–15 December 2014).
The fellowships are intended for young professionals—scholars, government officials, policy experts, human rights and democracy activists—who want to enhance their research and analytical skills and seek to become public policy leaders in their respective countries. More generally, the fellowship programme seeks to provide a platform for the exchange of ideas and build lasting intellectual networks between the Central Asian and the US scholarly and policy communities.
The theme for the Fall session of 2014 is 'Central Asia and Globalization'.
Applications should be received no later than 1 May 2014.
On 17 March SIPRI and the Institut de Recherche Stratégique de l'École Militaire (IRSEM) co-hosted a roundtable on the global arms market at the Ecole Militaire in Paris.
The roundtable brought together French-speaking experts to address contemporary developments in arms exports by key countries and regions, and included a launch of SIPRI data on international arms transfers for 2013. Download the agenda from the event in English or French (PDF).
Approximately 170 people attended the round table. Researchers from SIPRI, IRSEM, Groupe de recherche et d'information sur la paix et la sécurité (GRIP), the Asia Center and the Higher Education Institute for Management, Translation and Interpreting (ISIT) presented their views on major exporter and importer states and regions of the world, using SIPRI data to analyse the trends in the global arms market.
Speakers included Lucie Béraud Sudreau, who previously worked as a Research Associate at SIPRI; Aude Emmanuelle Fleurant, Head of the Armament and Defence Economy Research Group at IRSEM; Louis Marie Clouet, Head of Research at ISIT; Emmanuel Puig, a researcher at the Asia Centre in Paris; and Luc Mampaey, the Director of GRIP.
Download SIPRI Yearbook 2013, Résumé en français (PDF).
Since 2000 the Razumkov Centre has translated, edited and published the Yearbook in Ukrainian with the financial support of the Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport. The Yearbook is provided free of charge to Ukraine's national authorities, leading universities and public libraries.
Download Щорічника СІПРІ 2013 from the SIPRI website (PDF). You can also download Ukrainian versions of the Yearbook from the years 2007–12.
Read more about translations of the SIPRI Yearbook in other languages.
On 28–29 October 2013 the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), the World Bank, SIPRI North America, Women in International Security (WIIS), Promundo–US, and Sonke Gender Justice co-hosted a symposium, 'Men, Peace and Security: Agents of Change', at USIP headquarters in Washington, DC.
This symposium aimed to better understand how the ascribed norms of men and masculine identities contribute to, and may even help mitigate, violent conflict and post-conflict. It built on and complemented the UNited Nations' Women, Peace, and Security agenda, especially as seen through UN Security Council Resolution 1325. In addition, the symposium served to initiate the development of a “community of practice” and applied a gender lens to broader issues of peace and human security.
USIP has now produced a 10-minute video highlighting the main takeaways from the symposium. Watch the video below. You can also watch longer videos from individual sessions on the USIP website.
Image: IAEA inspectors' findings in Iraq: bottles of specialized oil used in centrifuges for separating high-grade uranium from natural uranium (IAEA/Action Team 1991–98)
The SIPRI Update for February 2014 is out now—, or subscribe to receive the SIPRI Update in your inbox each month.
In this issue we present an essay by Tariq Rauf on the role of safeguards in a nuclear weapon-free zone (NWFZ) in the Middle East. He writes:
The process for establishing a NWFZ in the Middle East will not be easy, but the experience of other regions with such zones suggests that political will and leadership are crucial. If further proliferation is to be prevented in the Middle East, and regional security enhanced, now is the time to convene the conference mandated by the 2010 NPT Review Conference.
or browse the full list of SIPRI Essays from 2009 to 2013.
Rauf is an internationally respected authority on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation issues. From 2002 to 2011 he was Head of the Verification and Security Policy Coordination Office at the International Atomic Energy Agency, reporting to the Director General, in which capacity he dealt with high-priority verification cases involving Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, South Korea and Syria.
Read Rauf's SIPRI Essay on the role of safeguards in a nuclear weapon-free zone in the Middle East.
On 20 February in Bamako, Mali, SIPRI and its Malian partner organization, Conascipal, held a consultative round table meeting with government representatives and civil society groups about the causes of the political and security situation in Mali, and the challenges involved in building peace in the country.
The opening of the round table was presided over by the Secretary General of the Ministry for National Reconciliation and Development of Northern Mali (Ministère de la Réconciliation Nationale et du Développement des Régions du Nord Mali), Mr Mamadou Sogoba.
Conascipal's President, Dr Mariam Maiga, and SIPRI's Deputy Director, Jakob Hallgren, gave introductory remarks. SIPRI Researcher Gaudence Nyirabikali introduced one of the round table sessions, and SIPRI Researcher Helen Wilandh also participated.
In addition, Sweden's Ambassador to Mali, Eva Emnéus, participated in the event, as did Mme Zeina Moulaye from the Ministry for National Reconciliation.
The consultative round table, which was held as part of SIPRI's Mali Civil Society and Peacebuilding Project, complemented the preliminary findings from field research conducted by researchers from the member organizations of Conascipal in three regions in northern Mali—Gao, Kidal and Tombouctou—as well as in Bamako, during December 2013.
The round table was also part of a process which seeks to gain further insights into the political and security crisis in Mali, by inviting participants to share their views on its causes, its manifestations and possible solutions and their perspectives on the role civil society can play in peacebuilding in Mali.
For more information
On 30 January SIPRI researchers Damir Esenaliev and Anastasia Aladysheva travelled to Osh, Kyrgyzstan, to collect data as part of an impact evaluation of a peacebuilding educational programme.
The evaluation is being conducted in collaboration with the University of Central Asia and is funded by the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie).
The peacebuilding training programme—which is jointly implemented by two non-governmental organizations, Legacy International and Center Interbilim—aims to foster ethnic tolerance, resolve conflicts and promote inter-ethnic cooperation among schoolchildren between the ages of 15 and 18 in public schools across southern Kyrgyzstan.
The research carried out in Osh sought to evaluate whether the programme leads to changes in the attitudes and conduct of young people, and whether the behaviour of their families changes as a result, estimating the magnitude of the impact, if any.
As the first step in the evaluation the researchers held focus group discussions with 20 teachers involved in delivering peace training to young people. Their answers will help to provide an understanding of the local context and indicate whether the programme has the potential to make positive changes in people’s perceptions of and behaviours towards other groups.
On 6 February SIPRI's Deputy Director, Jakob Hallgren, gave the first in a series of three lectures by SIPRI staff scheduled for 2014 at the Folkuniversitetet ('people's university') in Stockholm.
Hallgren gave an overview of SIPRI, its mandate and research areas, including some remarks on factors that characterize and contribute to successful peacebuilding.
The three lectures are a part of SIPRI's contribution to the celebration of 200 years of peace in Sweden. As the initiative to establish SIPRI was taken in 1964—after 150 years of Swedish peace—SIPRI sees the lecture series as an opportunity to reach out to the Swedish public and share examples of its research.
The second lecture, on 20 March, will be given by SIPRI Senior Researcher Pieter Wezeman, and will focus on international arms transfers. The third lecture, on 24 April, will be delivered by SIPRI Researcher Vincent Boulanin, who will discuss cybersecurity issues.
Entry to each of the lectures is free—follow the links above to register or contact the Folkuniversitetet directly.
Image: SIPRI Director Tilman Brück delivers introductory remarks at the Nuclear Security seminar held at the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Stockholm.
On 13 February SIPRI and the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Stockholm held a seminar in anticipation of the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague. The event formed part of the celebration of 400 years of friendship and close diplomatic ties between Sweden and the Netherlands.
Much of the discussion at the event focused on the particular role and interests of countries in the Nordic/Baltic region. At the meeting there was a shared view that it was desirable—and, eventually, necessary—to move the discussion of nuclear security from a series of high level summits to a multilateral process. However, there were different views on how to approach reaching that goal.
The view was expressed that nuclear security was currently defined in narrow, technical terms—with a heavy focus on combating nuclear terrorism—and unlikely to capture the interest and sustained engagement of the international community. Those who took this position advocated expanding the scope of nuclear security to include issues of more general concern—such as the security of commercially sensitive information, reducing the risks posed by state-level corruption, and balancing the need for an integrated energy strategy against the concerns of society over the (real or perceived) risks attached to the nuclear industry.
Others emphasized the practical difficulty of managing a process that expanded to incorporate too many new and diverse issues, and the risk that the momentum gained through the nuclear security summits could be lost, and perhaps some of the undoubted accomplishments even put at risk, if the process became too diffuse.
The seminar, entitled ‘Strengthening Nuclear Security: Northern European perspectives,' featured a host of government, industry, and civil society representatives. Introductions were delivered by Dr Philip de Heer, Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Sweden, and SIPRI Director Professor Tilman Brück. The seminar's agenda (PDF) was divided into three sessions—on the roles of states, industry and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), respectively—which mirrored the proposed focus of the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit.
The first session examined the extent to which states are currently involved with regulating nuclear security, while also considering the role they ought to play based on historical precedent. The panel featured Ambassador Piet de Klerk, the Dutch Sherpa for the upcoming Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague; Lars van Dassen from Swedish Radiation and Safety Authority and Swedish sous-Sherpa; and Håkan Åkesson from the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Swedish Sherpa.
The second session added the viewpoint of the industries to the mix, further developing the question of which entities should hold responsibility for ensuring nuclear security. This session explored the various aspects of security that industry must prioritize and the chief challenges to security that they face. Huub Rakhorst, Managing Director at URENCO Nederland B.V. and Mats Ladeborn, Director of Nuclear Development at Vattenfall AB gave their input as industry representatives from the Netherlands and Sweden, respectively.
The final session supplied the perspective of non-governmental experts. This session centered around the dynamics of cooperation between politicians, industry, and civil society in ensuring that nuclear security is maintained. It emphasized the role of civil society in the sphere of security and safety. It also considered the outlook for nuclear education today and how it can be improved in the future. The panellists included Sico van de Meer, Research Fellow at Clingendael, and Vitaly Fedchenko, Senior Researcher at SIPRI.
Karen van Stegeren, Deputy Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, delivered closing remarks.
On 10 February SIPRI hosted a panel discussion at Musikaliska, Stockholm, to consider the state of relations between Iran and the West, following the interim nuclear deal recently agreed in Geneva.
The discussion, entitled ‘What’s next for relations between Iran and the West?’ featured three distinguished experts: Dr Mostafa Zahrani, Director General at the Institute for Political and International Studies (IPIS) in Tehran; Dr Gholam Ali Cheginizadeh, Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabatabai Univerity in Tehran; and Dr Barnett R. Rubin, Director and Senior Fellow at the Center on International Cooperation of New York University.
SIPRI Governing Board Chairman Göran Lennmarker chaired the meeting. The panellists presented their points of view on current relations between Iran and the United States, highlighting the challenges to mutual trust between the nations, and commented on the prospects for future cooperation between them.
They considered options for reducing tensions between Iran and the USA, highlighting the unintended consequences of using sanctions to halt Iran's nuclear programme, and put these relations in the context of relations with other Western actors (chiefly the European Union), as well as with other actors including China and Russia.
The discussion was attended by policymakers, academics and members of the diplomatic community in Stockholm.
Download a recent SIPRI report by Dr Bruce Koepke, Iran's Policy in Afghanistan: The Evolution of Strategic Pragmatism.
Image: Sam Perlo-Freeman (left), Tilman Brück (centre) and Pieter Wezeman (right) at the Munich Security Conference.
Arms sales by the world's largest arms-producing and military services companies (the so-called SIPRI Top 100) fell again in 2012, according to a SIPRI press release issued on 31 January at the Munich Security Conference.
Sales of arms and military services by the SIPRI Top 100 totalled $395 billion in 2012. This result represents a 4.2 per cent decrease in real terms compared to the companies in the Top 100 for 2011 and follows a 6.6 per cent decrease in that year. Arms sales by the Top 100 have nevertheless increased by 29 per cent in real terms since 2003.
Russian companies saw a particularly large increase in estimated arms sales in 2012. Five of the six Russian companies in the Top 100 saw an increase of over 20 per cent.
The press release is based on the newly updated SIPRI Arms Industry Database, which contains financial and employment data on arms producing companies worldwide. Since 1990, SIPRI has published data on the arms sales and employment of the 100 largest of these arms-producing companies in the SIPRI Yearbook.
Access the full SIPRI Top 100 list for 2012 or download the Fact Sheet. Find out more about recent trends in the arms industry.
The SIPRI Update for January 2014 is out now—, or subscribe to receive the SIPRI Update in your inbox each month.
In this issue we present an essay by Pieter D. Wezeman and Siemon T. Wezeman on finding a balance between transparency and national security. They write:
Transparency in government spending is a prerequisite for the effective participation of parliaments and civil society in the political process. That governments are often less than transparent when it comes to military budgets has serious ramifications for both democracy and security. Finding an appropriate balance between transparency and national security concerns could in fact help reduce the causes of insecurity and conflict.
or browse the full list of SIPRI Essays from 2009 to 2013.
Image: SIPRI–Korea Foundation interns Eunil Cho, Suyoun Yang and Duli Im.
This month SIPRI welcomed two new SIPRI–Korea Foundation interns. Suyoun Jang will intern with SIPRI's Global Health Project, and Duli Im will be an intern in the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme. They join Eunil Cho, who has been an intern within the Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme since September 2013.
Suyoun Jang is a PhD candidate in Development Cooperation at Ewha Womans University. She has conducted research on human security, development assistance and fragile states. Her work has appeared in Pacific Focus, the Korean Journal of Security Affairs and The Protection and Promotion of Human Security in East Asia (ed. B. Howe, Palgrave Macmillian, 2013).
Duli Im is a Masters candidate in political science in the Graduate School of Kyung Hee University. Her thesis focuses on state–civil society partnership dynamics in the formation of the 1987 Mine Ban Treaty. In a similar vein, her research at SIPRI will explore development and implementation processes of the Arms Trade Treaty.
Eunil Cho is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at Yonsei University. Her research topic is the influence of the international non-proliferation regime on domestic political processes in Korea and Japan. During her time at SIPRI, she has been working on a paper examining recent changes in Japanese non-proliferation policy and its potential implications.
Cho was selected as a SIPRI–Korea Foundation intern in 2013, together with Namwoo Kim (China and Global Security Project) and Jae Won Lee (Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme). As part of his internship, Lee published a SIPRI Background Paper on South Korea's export control system.
SIPRI and the Korea Foundation established a fellowship programme in 2012. So far five young Korean researchers have spent time at SIPRI. Successful applicants have an opportunity to conduct advanced and policy-oriented research related to Korea, as well as to participate in scholarly discourse on key public policy issues.
The two organizations also signed an agreement in June 2012 to expand the eligibility of programme participants to include fellows with doctoral degrees.
Professor Cho Yun Young is the first SIPRI–Korea Foundation Fellow and has been researching denuclearization of the Korean peninsula since September 2013 within the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme. Professor Cho is from Chung-Ang University, the Department of Political Science and International Relations.
SIPRI has been ranked among the most-respected think tanks worldwide for the fifth consecutive year in the Go-to Think Tanks Index compiled annually by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania.
According to the TTCSP survey, the top five think tanks in the world in 2013 were the Brookings Institute, Chatham House, the Carnegie Endowment, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and SIPRI.
In total, SIPRI was mentioned in 10 lists in the rankings:
In addition, the European Union Non-Proliferation Consortium, of which SIPRI is a member, was ranked 17th best institutional collaboration.
The TTCSP conducts research on the role policy institutes play in governments and in civil societies around the world. Its Global Go-To Think Tank Index covers a total of 6826 think tanks from 182 countries, and is based on the evaluations of 1947 independent journalists, academics and politicians.
We would like to thank all of our partners, friends and former colleagues who have contributed to building and maintaining SIPRI’s reputation. We also acknowledge the depth of knowledge and experience that exists in the world's many think tanks, and look forward to continuing our institutional collaborations in the future.
Image: US Vice President Joe Biden speaking at the 2013 Munich Security Conference.
Dr Sam Perlo-Freeman, the Director of SIPRI's Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme, together with Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme, will launch the data at a press event at 12 noon, Central European Time (CET). SIPRI will also host an event on European security issues during the conference.
Full details of the SIPRI Top 100 for 2012 will be available on our website on Friday. If you'd like to be informed of the data as it is released, consider following us on Twitter. In the meantime, take a look at the SIPRI Top 100 for 2011.
Friday's will be the first of three data launches over the coming months ahead of the release of SIPRI Yearbook 2014. On Monday 17 March we will launch our data on international arms transfers in 2013. Then, on Monday 14 April, we will launch our data on world military expenditure in 2013.
The findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2014 will be released in June.
For more information about our data launches, including media inquiries, please contact SIPRI's Communications Director, Stephanie Blenckner.
2014 marks 200 years of peace in Sweden. In January 1814 Sweden signed the Treaty of Kiel with Denmark, according to which Denmark was to hand over sovereignty of Norway to Sweden. While the treaty established peace with Denmark, it led to Norway declaring independence in May and a short Norwegian–Swedish war later that year—the last occasion on which Sweden went to war.
On 14 January SIPRI presented a series of lectures at the Swedish parliament on 200 years of peace in Sweden and the the lessons and implications for global peacebuilding. The three lectures were introduced by SIPRI Governing Board Chairman Göran Lennmarker (pictured above, centre), and the presenters asked a series of questions relating to the prerequisites for peace.
Dr Gary Milante (above, left), Director of SIPRI's new Macroeconomics of Security Programme, discussed the indicators of security, asking: 'What do we measure and what does it tell us?’ Milante argued that indicators such as the number of violent deaths per country, transparency and accountability in security sector expenditure, and civilian oversight of the military are essential components of measuring success in ‘moving towards zero’ on global
Dr Ian Anthony, Director of the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme, spoke about the institutions of peace, asking: 'Who is managing global peace?’ Anthony argued that an important cornerstone of global peacebuilding is the institutions to prevent and manage war, and that it will be important to agree on the principles underpinning arms control agreements.
Finally, Carina Solmirano (above, right), a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Programme, discussed military expenditure and accountability, asking: 'Are all the cards on the table?’ She argued that despite recent gains in making defence budgets more transparent there is still a need to strengthen parliaments and auditing offices in order to avoid overspending, waste and corruption in arms procurement.
Earlier this month Ivana Mićić, a Researcher with the SIPRI Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme, was involved in two seminars on issues related to strategic trade controls, and also participated in the fourth Chaudfontaine Group meeting on export controls.
On 3–4 December, at an inter-ministerial meeting in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Mićić spoke about dual-use export control legal provisions. Then, on 12–13 December, in Belgrade, Serbia, Mićić facilitated a two-day regional seminar for South East European countries on these issues.
The seminars were hosted by the respective countries’ governments, in cooperation with the European Union (EU) programme Cooperation in Dual-use Export Control, and with the support of officials from EU member states including Austria, Belgium, Croatia and the United Kingdom. Read more about EU-Outreach in Export Control of Dual-Use Items.
In addition, on 9–10 December, Mićić took part in the fourth Chaudfontaine Group meeting on export controls organized by the University of Liège, Belgium. This year's debate was on universal trade control regimes versus regional export control models. Mićić presented on the specifics of the German export control system. A book on these issues will be published in mid-2014.
Contact Ivana Mićić for more information.
The Centre for Arab Unity Studies (CAUS) in Beirut has published an Arabic translation of SIPRI Yearbook 2013. CAUS has translated and published an Arabic edition of the Yearbook every year since 2003.
From 2003 to 2009 the Arabic translation of the Yearbook was funded by the Swedish Institute in Alexandria (SwedAlex). It is now supported by the Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport.
For more information (in Arabic) visit the CAUS website.
SIPRI Yearbook 2013 has now been translated into Arabic, Chinese, Russian and Ukrainian. Read more about editions of the SIPRI Yearbook in other languages.
In this issue we present an essay by Mathieu Duchâtel and Phillip Schell on China’s economic engagement with North Korea. They write:
This month’s SIPRI essay is timed to coincide with the release of a new SIPRI Policy Paper, also by Mathieu Duchâtel and Phillip Schell, China’s Policy on North Korea: Economic Engagement and Nuclear Disarmament.
Image (from left to right): Ambassador Ahmet Üzümcü, Director-General of the OPCW; Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt; and Paul Walker of Green Cross International.
On 12 December SIPRI, together with the Sveriges Riksdag (Swedish Parliament), the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) and the Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI), held a seminar in honour of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), the winner of the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize for ‘its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons’.
The seminar, which was entitled ‘From Ypres to Damascus: the Long Struggle to Abolish Chemical Weapons’, was moderated by UI’s Anna Jardfelt, with SIPRI’s Ian Anthony acting as discussant.
Four presenters spoke about the challenges involved in ridding the world of chemical weapons: Per Westerberg, who was elected as Speaker of the Riksdag in 2006; Ambassador Ahmet Üzümcü, Director-General of the OPCW; Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt; and Paul Walker of Green Cross International (who also recently gave a lecture at SIPRI).
The seminar was attended by policymakers, academics and members of the diplomatic community in Stockholm.
Download a section from SIPRI Yearbook 2013 on chemical and biological weapon programmes.
SIPRI Director Professor Tilman Brück, together with Patricia Justino and Philip Verwimp, has edited a volume on the microeconomics of violent conflict entitled A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development.
The book, which has been published by Oxford University Press, features 14 chapters on topics ranging from ‘The social geography of armed conflict’ and ‘Risk, security, and coping mechanisms in contexts of violent conflict’ to ‘The burden of armed conflict’ and ‘The European Union, conflict transformation, and civil society’.
Brück is a co-author, together with Carlos Bozzoli and Nina Wald, of a chapter entitled ‘Evaluating Programmes in Conflict-Affected Areas: Promoting Peace from the Bottom Up?’.
The editors write:
The book is targeted at academics, researchers, and students of politics, international relations, economics, and development studies.
On 27 November SIPRI and its partner organization, Conascipal, launched the Mali Civil Society and Peacebuilding Project with a seminar and press conference at the Centre International de Conférence Bamako (CICB) in Bamako, Mali.
SIPRI Senior Researcher and project head Elisabeth Sköns (pictured above, second from left) presented the main elements of the project, while Mariam Maiga, the director of Conascipal, presented the rationale for the project.
Mahamadou Niakaté, a former Secretary-General of the Ministry of Internal Security and Civil Protection and Chairman of the Police Reform Commission in Mali, presented a study on the conflicts in the Sahel, with an emphasis on the case of Mali.
Boubacar Bah, of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Shared Governance Programme, and SIPRI Researcher Gaudence Nyirabikali gave presentations on the process on peacebuilding and reconciliation.
The seminar had some 50 participants and the event was covered in the Malian news media and on two Malian television channels.
Then, on 28–29 November, SIPRI organized a workshop in Bamako, hosted by Conascipal, to prepare for and provide training for the project field research, which will be carried out in December. Four teams of three field researchers will conduct focus group and individual interviews in Gao, Kidal, Timbuktu and Bamako.
The purpose of the field research is to collect information required for the development of a strategy for civil society’s participation in the peace process in Mali.
Read a short paper by Gaudence Nyirabikali: 'The importance of field research for civil society organizations’ peacebuilding strategies' (PDF).
For more information about SIPRI's Mali Project contact Helen Wilandh.
Image: Dr Paul Walker (left) and SIPRI’s Ian Anthony (courtesy of @rlafoundation)
On 29 November SIPRI hosted a lecture by Dr Paul Walker, Director of Environmental Security and Sustainability at Green Cross International, who was recently awarded the 2013 Right Livelihood Award ‘for working tirelessly to rid the world of chemical weapons’.
With the recent accession of Syria to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), the international abolition regime now includes 190 countries. Only six countries remain outside of the regime, and since 1990 some 80 percent of the world's declared chemical weapons stockpiles have been destroyed.
Dr Walker has worked on chemical weapons non-proliferation and destruction for over 20 years, and in his lecture he spoke about the challenges involved in building a world free of chemical weapons. In particular, he spoke about the delays involved in destroying the chemical weapons stockpiles of Russia and the United States, and the problems involved in properly identifying chemical weapon use in Syria.
He also discussed the progress made in the demilitarization of chemical agents, the lessons learned in safely eliminating a whole class of weapons of mass destruction, and implications for other arms control regimes.
Image: SIPRI Governing Board Chairman Göran Lennmarker (left) presenting a copy of the SIPRI Yearbook to Ambassador Ravanchi
On 28 November SIPRI hosted a lecture by Majid Takht Ravanchi, Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister for European and American Affairs and a leading member of the Iranian nuclear negotiation team.
In his lecture, Ravanchi stated that the recently elected Iranian government of President Hassan Rouhani promotes constructive engagement and good regional relations. He emphasized Iran’s continued security concerns in relation to the conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria and expressed particular concern over the rise of extremism and sectarian violence that is giving rise to further instability and fragmentation across the region.
Ravanchi proposed that neighbouring countries should engage in confidence-building measures, dialogue and cooperation to address the region’s security challenges. He called for a halt to the ‘zero sum’ political security calculus that is widespread in the region and which, he believes, undermines constructive conflict-resolution strategies. The minister underlined the necessity of a political solution to the on-going conflict in Syria. While supporting the latest round of UN hosted talks, he was sceptical of the prospects for peace and for putting the country back together when the opposition groups are not unified.
After the recent round of negotiations in Geneva between Iran and the P5+1 states, Ravanchi indicated that Iran’s main objective in the negotiations on the country’s nuclear programme is to create a ‘win–win’ situation for both sides. The interim deal reached in Geneva had been difficult and time consuming but was an important step. Under this arrangement, Iran will retain the right to enrich uranium for its energy requirements. In return, Iran will provide the requisite assurances to the international community, including through enhanced cooperation with IAEA monitors, and will enjoy a degree of sanctions relief.
Based on his recent experience in the negotiations, Ravanchi identified two main obstacles to reaching a comprehensive nuclear deal between Iran and the P5+1. The first concerned the interim nature of the recent Geneva agreement, which leaves important issues to be clarified in follow-up negotiations. However, the absence of a common understanding among the parties about where the subsequent steps should ultimately lead meant that the next phase of negotiations will be even more difficult than those just concluded. At the moment there is not even a shared view about how long a comprehensive deal should remain in force.
The second concern is the significant domestic constraints on the negotiations. Ravanchi noted that key groups in the US and Iran viewed the recent talks with mistrust and suspicion. This affected the work of the negotiation team and complicated the prospects for reaching a long-term deal.
Read more about SIPRI's Wider Central Asia initiative or contact Theresa Höghammar for more information about the lecture.
Iran's Policy on Afghanistan: The Evolution of Strategic Pragmatism, SIPRI Report by Dr Bruce Koepke
'Time for a more comprehensive approach to the Iran nuclear negotiations', SIPRI Expert Comment by Shannon Kile
'Iranian–US engagement should focus on more than the nuclear issue', SIPRI Expert Comment by Dr Bruce Koepke
Image: A MineTech International demining site in Kuda with suspected anti-vehicle mine presence. Demining personnel use the red posts to indicate the boundaries of mine presence (SIPRI 2013).
Earlier this month, SIPRI researchers Tamara Patton and Lina Grip travelled to South Sudan as part of a study on the humanitarian and developmental impact of anti-vehicle landmines, conducted jointly with the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD).
As member states of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) continue to debate the possible need for further regulation of anti-vehicle mines (a type of landmine still widely used) the demand for further data and analysis on the civilian impact of this type of weapon has remained.
SIPRI and GICHD are cooperating to fill this need through conducting a global survey process and three more detailed impact case studies in Cambodia, South Sudan and Afghanistan.
Although the study is ongoing, initial findings indicate that anti-vehicle mines can indeed have an indiscriminate effect on civilians, and that impact from anti-vehicle mines can significantly increase as a state progresses in its post-conflict recovery and development efforts.
On 14 November Patton presented the preliminary findings of the joint study at the annual CCW Meeting of States Parties. The full version of the study will be published in April 2014 and presented at the CCW Meeting of Experts.
On 19–21 November the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme and the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), Pretoria, held a workshop in Cape Town on strengthening Africa’s nuclear security, disarmament and non-proliferation agenda.
Participants at the workshop, including African regulators, were welcomed by Amelia Broodryk, Senior Researcher with the ISS Transnational Threats and International Crime Division, and Ian Anthony, Director of SIPRI's Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme.
Ian Anthony and SIPRI Researcher Lina Grip gave a presentation on the findings of their latest SIPRI Policy Paper, Africa and the Global Market in Natural Uranium: From Proliferation Risk to Non-proliferation Opportunity.
The workshop was made possible with the financial support of the British High Commission in Pretoria and the Norwegian Government.
For more information contact Lina Grip or read more about the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme.
SIPRI Senior Researcher Dr Susan T. Jackson has been awarded 19.8 million Swedish kronor ($2.97 million) by the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet) to conduct research on the gendered militarization of social media, leading an international team of eight researchers based in four cities in three countries: Sweden, the United Kingdom and Germany.
Entitled Militarization 2.0, the project includes a series of meetings, conferences and publications and will culminate in a foundation text on the topic as well as a public database. The project is the first wide-scale mapping of social media in the arms and military services industry and the military games industry.
Aware of the suspicions some countries have about its intentions in the Arctic, China is downplaying its interest in the region's minerals, oil and gas and is instead focusing on climate change and shipping routes.
Nevertheless, according to the latest SIPRI Policy Paper, China's Arctic Aspirations, by Linda Jakobson and Jingchao Peng, China is determined not to be sidelined in decisions that it believes will directly affect its economic interests.
Calling on the SIPRI Arctic team's unique country expertise, the report outlines China's evolving Arctic policy and activities, explains the thinking behind them, and highlights the diversity of views within China on how it should approach Arctic issues.
Watch a video about the report on SIPRI's YouTube channel.
During the summer of 2012, the SIPRI Arms Transfers and Dual-use and Arms Trade Control programmes cooperated with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) to develop a checklist for Norwegian risk assessments for arms exports.
The MFA has now adopted a checklist to limit the risk that Norwegian arms exports will be delivered to states that are unstable and have a poor record on human rights and international humanitarian law. The checklist places particular emphasis on the risk that exported military equipment could be used for repression or human rights abuses. Paul Holtom will present the checklist at a meeting on 18 December 2012 at the Norwegian parliament.
SIPRI has released a new map of multilateral peace operation deployments. The map presents a snapshot of deployments worldwide as of September 2012, using the latest data available. It shows where missions are taking place, when they started, how large they are and which organizations and coalitions are conducting them.
Comprehensive data on multilateral peace operations is available in the SIPRI Multilateral Peace Operations Database, including fatalities, costs, mission mandates, national personnel contributions and lead nations.
The Centre for Arab Unity Studies (CAUS) in Beirut has published an Arabic translation of SIPRI Yearbook 2013. CAUS has translated and published an Arabic edition of the Yearbook every year since 2003.
From 2003 to 2009 the Arabic translation of the Yearbook was funded by the Swedish Institute in Alexandria (SwedAlex). It is now supported by the Swiss Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport.
On 14 December SIPRI hosted a World Bank expert workshop on local violence in developing countries. The aim of the workshop was to examine interactions between donors, conflict actors and local communities.
The workshop’s outcomes helped inform the findings of the World Development Report 2014: Managing Risk for Development (WDR 2014).
The event was co-chaired by SIPRI’s Director designate, Professor Tilman Brück, and Rasmus Heltberg, Senior Social Development Specialist and member of the core team for WDR 2014.