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SIPRI and Asan Institute co-host conference on peace in north-east Asia

Posted by Editor at Jul 23, 2014 12:05 PM |
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Image: South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se delivers the keynote speech at the Asan–SIPRI conference in Seoul.
Credit: Twitter/@MOFAkr_eng


On 9 July SIPRI and the Asan Institute for Policy Studies co-hosted a conference in Seoul on the Northeast Asia Peace and Cooperation Initiative (NAPCI) entitled NAPCI and the European Experience of Confidence and Security-Building Measures.

The conference, sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea, brought together more than 100 participants from Korea, China, Japan and Singapore, as well as participants from Europe and North America.

Conference speakers included Yun Byung-se (Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs), Douglas Paal (Vice President for Studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), Jin Canrong (Professor at Renmin University of China), Morimoto Satoshi (former Japanese Defense Minister), and SIPRI Director Ian Anthony.

Read Dr Ian Anthony's remarks at the opening session of the conference.

New SIPRI military expenditure data for NATO countries

Posted by Editor at Jul 01, 2014 12:00 AM |

SIPRI's extended dataset of military expenditure of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member states is now freely available online, alongside our main military expenditure dataset for all countries.

The data, which makes use of NATO data on members' military spending and other sources, extends back at least to each country's year of joining.

SIPRI military expenditure data is based on open sources only, including a SIPRI questionnaire which is sent out annually to all countries included in the database. For some NATO member states, and for most data on then-NATO members before 1988, NATO’s annual press releases on Financial and Economic Data on NATO Defence is a key source.

The collected data is processed to achieve consistent time series which are, as far as possible, in accordance with the SIPRI definition of military expenditure, detailed in the sources and methods.

Enter the database or download the SIPRI Fact Sheet, 'Trends in world military expenditure, 2013'.

June 2014 SIPRI Update out now!

Posted by Editor at Jun 27, 2014 01:30 PM |

Nuclear power plant

Image: Nuclear power plant (Source: Flickr/Huntz)

 

The SIPRI Update for June 2014 is out now—read it online, or subscribe to receive the SIPRI Update in your inbox each month.

In this issue we present two essays. The first, by Vitaly Fedchenko and Ian Anthony, discusses new European approaches to energy security, focusing on the potential role of nuclear energy. They write:

The need for constructive and informed public discussion of the place of nuclear energy in the overall approach will increase. The public, industry, political elites, expert community and other stakeholders all have varying degree of interest in safety, security, sustainability and the cost of the energy resources they use. However, past experience demonstrates that such discussion either excludes some stakeholders or is polarized to the point where it stops being useful.

The second essay, by Gaudence Nyirabikalie examines the possible role of 'track III' interventions in the resolution of the conflict in Mali. She writes:

Discussions facilitated by civil society groups, NGOs and development organizations can lead to the possibility of inducing a change of attitudes and behaviour, increased restraint and the recognition of other actors. The emergence of community-based self-defence groups distancing themselves from the rebel groups and claiming inclusion in the ongoing peace negotiations in Mali is a clear example of the need for broader discussions of issues and the recognition of all relevant actors.

Browse the full list of SIPRI Essays from 2009 to 2014.

 

SIPRI expert participates in Global Peace Index launch

Posted by Editor at Jun 27, 2014 10:00 AM |

Global Peace Index 2014On 18 June Dr Gary Milante, Director of the SIPRI Security and Development Programme, spoke at the launch of the 2014 Global Peace Index (GPI) at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, DC.

The Global Peace Index, which is published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace, measures peace in 162 countries (covering 99.6 per cent of the world’s population) according to 22 indicators. It gauges global peace using three themes: the level of safety and security in society, the extent of domestic or international conflict, and the degree of militarization.

The findings of the 2014 GPI show that, while the world is currently experiencing the most peaceful century in human history, the last seven years have shown a notable deterioration in levels of peace.  Since 2008, the level of peace has deteriorated in 111 countries, while only 51 countries have increased on this index. 

The world has become less peaceful over the last year, mainly due to a rise in terrorist activity, the number of active conflicts and the number of refugees and displaced people. A total of 500 million people—200 million of whom live below the poverty line—are living in countries at risk of instability and conflict. Since 2008 only 4 of the GPI’s 22 indicators showed improvement, while scores on all of the 18 remaining indicators deteriorated.

In Dr Milante's presentation at the launch, he stated that the GPI, which is now in its eighth year, represents an 'important contribution to global peace research. The index is now an institution and increasingly becoming a vital reference resource for those working on peace and security issues'. 

In his interventions, Dr Milante encouraged peace researchers to use the 'wealth of data collected and made available by the Institute for Economics and Peace through the GPI and the GPI website' to further explore the index results and promote more developed (and testable) theoretical frameworks on peace and security.  

Watch a video from the launch event or for more information.

 

In brief: SIPRI activities in June 2014

Posted by Editor at Jun 27, 2014 09:00 AM |
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  • 12–14 June, Cyprus
    Tariq Rauf presented a paper on establishing a zone free of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East (the so-called Middle East NWF Zone) at an event organized by Peace Research Institute Frankfurt and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

  • 17 June, Stockholm
    SIPRI published a Workshop Report, authored by SIPRI Researcher Xenia Avezov, from the Middle East regional dialogue meeting held as part of the New Geopolitics of Peace Operations Initiative in Amman, Jordan, in March 2014.

  • 18 June, The Hague
    The Clingendael Institute published a report, Een wankele wereldorde [A Shaky World Order], with contributions from SIPRI Senior Researcher Jaïr van der Lijn, who co-wrote and edited the chapter entitled 'Peace operations in a changing world'. Download the full report (in Dutch).

  • 18 June, Ispra, Italy
    SIPRI Researcher Lawrence Dermody and Senior Associate Researcher Aaron Dunne participated in a meeting organized by the Maritime Affairs Unit of the European Union Joint Research Centre's Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen. The meeting provided an opportunity for participants to discuss developments in the fields of route-based risk analysis, maritime surveillance and export controls.

  • 18 June, Paris
    An article by SIPRI Researcher Helen Wilandh on the role of the European Union in the peace process in Mali appeared in Opinion Internationale.

  • 18–20 June, Brussels
    Tariq Rauf gave a presentation on a Middle East NWF Zone at a capacity-building workshop for Middle Eastern diplomats organized by the European Union Non-Proliferation Consortium.

  • 19 June, Budva, Montenegro
    Mark Bromley, Co-Director of the SIPRI Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme, presented the results of an ongoing study on the implementation of controls on the re-export and re-transfer of arms and ammunition to a meeting of export licensing officials organized by the South Eastern and Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC). The study—which has been commissioned by SEESAC—is co-authored by Bromley and Lawrence Dermody and will be published later in 2014. For more information .

  • 23–25 June, Vienna

    Tariq Rauf took part in a workshop for journalists from the Middle East jointly organized by Atomic Reporters and the Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation. Rauf gave presentations on The history of the NPT and on Freeing the Middle East from nuclear weapons and other WMD. He also chaired two sessions at the event.

  • 24 June, Stockholm
    SIPRI and Economists for Peace and Security (EPS) published a new blog post by Michael Brzoska, entitled 'Heated debates but no consensus on climate change and violent conflict'.

  • 24–25 June, Seoul
    Mathieu Duchâtel, head of SIPRI's China and Global Security project gave a keynote speech at the 2014 NATO–Asia-Pacific Dialogue: Cooperative Security in a New Strategic Security Environment. Duchâtel spoke during the session entitled 'Cooperative security in a new strategic security environment—the case of maritime cooperation'.