In addition to the online military expenditure database covering the period 1988–2015, SIPRI is now making available a ‘beta’ version of an extended military expenditure dataset, with data going back in some cases to 1949, and to at least 1957 for a majority of countries that were independent at the time.
The new extended dataset, along with additional methodological information, is available on request. Please send an email giving your name and affiliation (if any) to email@example.com.
As a beta version, the new extended dataset is a work in progress. SIPRI welcomes feedback including on apparent errors or inconsistencies in the data, or on new sources of data that might help us fill in some of the gaps in the data.
SIPRI will host the session 'Policing in 2025: New strategies against organised crime' at the 2016 Security Jam.
The session will look at the challenges that security forces expect to face by 2025, including responding to refugee crises and confronting violent extremists. It will also consider the cooperation required between internal security and defence forces, and the role of technology and the private sector.
The 2016 Security Jam is a global online brainstorm where thousands of participants—from governments, international organizations, NGOs, academia, businesses and the media—come together for 77 hours of online discussions that will feed into both the EU and NATO. Organized by the think-tank Friends of Europe, this year's Jam has the theme 'Beyond conventional security challenges'. The 2016 Security Jam will run between 25–28 April 2016.
Contact Stephanie Blenckner for more information.
SIPRI and the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) have released the report Global Mapping and Analysis of Anti-Vehicle Mine Incidents in 2015 based on new data on anti-vehicle mine accidents.
There were 178 incidents related, or suspected to be related, to anti-vehicle mines during 2015. These incidents led to nearly 600 casualties, of which 60% were civilians. The vast majority of anti-vehicle mine incidents occurred in current conflicts, with Mali, Pakistan, Syria, Ukraine and Yemen recording the highest numbers of casualties. The data comes from survey responses of 40 mine action programmes and organizations, plus media sources.
The latest findings in the report can also be found on the online interactive map, which shows reported anti-vehicle mine incidents from 2015. The work follows on from the 2014 report The Humanitarian and Development Impact of Anti-Vehicle Mines. Overall, the research aims to build a solid evidence base for assessing the humanitarian impact of anti-vehicle mines around the world.
In September 2015, SIPRI embarked on the second phase of the New Geopolitics of Peace Operations Initiative. Its aims are twofold: to improve understanding of how to best prepare peace operations for the diverse security environments in Africa, and to improve international cooperation on peace operations in Africa. To that end, SIPRI and its project partner, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), organized a series of dialogue meetings with diplomats, military representatives and academics in five subregions of Africa: West Africa (Abuja), the Greater Horn of Africa (Addis Ababa), Central Africa (Douala), Southern Africa (Maputo) and Sahel-Saharan Africa (Bamako).
While African outlooks on these important questions are truly diverse, several key insights emerged. African stakeholders are calling for more comprehensive, robust and long-term peace operations that would play a role in addressing root causes of conflict while also responding to immediate crises. There is also a general consensus that in order for African states and organizations to fulfil their responsibilities to their region and to gain independence from external assistance, more global investment in African capacities will be required in the short term.
Reports from each of the dialogue meetings are now available for download from the SIPRI website. Each report highlights several key themes that emerged from the regional dialogues. The final report, which aims to give an overall picture of peace operations in Africa, will be published in late 2016.
For more information, please contact Xenia Avezov.
SIPRI Senior Researcher Jair van der Lijn has coedited the book Peacebuilding and Friction. The book aims to understand the processes and outcomes that arise from frictional encounters in peacebuilding, when global and local forces meet.
The book, released in hardback on 11 March 2016, will be part of the Routledge Studies in Peace and Conflict Resolution series. With a focus on friction as a conceptual tool, it advances the peacebuilding research agenda and adds to two ongoing debates in the peacebuilding field; the debate on hybridity, and the debate on local agency and local ownership. In analysing frictional encounters the book prepares the ground for a better understanding of the mixed impact peace initiatives have on post-conflict societies.
Several case analyses are studied, including in Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Sierra Leone. They demonstrate how the ambivalent relationship between global and local actors leads to unintended and sometimes counterproductive results of peacebuilding interventions.